Following the cancellation in a referendum of art. 23-bis we have now arrived through a number of legislative measures (the latest being law 27/2012 ) at the introduction of an almost complete legal framework, which pertains in general to local public services at the economic level, and which now includes sectors which were previously excluded, namely regional transport by train and also underground and road local transport. The fundamental definition requires that the local authorities who are competent to decide the method of running it, to evaluate first of all, once they have established the public service obligations they have to guarantee for each activity, the possibility of liberalising the service allowing its provision by several entities. Only where this is not possible will the service be entrusted exclusively and in all cases through strictly public tender.
Keywords: Public local utilities, Regulation, Regulatory Authority for Water and Transport
Jel Code: K 230