This Special Issue of Economia e Politica Industriale/Journal of Industrial and Business Economics seeks to shed light on the reasons for the economic and industrial gap between Germany and Italy based on the discussions of five research papers. The contributions compare the microeconomic features of the two countries and investigate the competitiveness and internationalization of their economies. This introduction provides the readers with a structural overview to enable them to better understand the comparison, underscoring the few similarities and the main basic differences that characterize the two countries. It also provides a summary of the topics discussed in each of the five articles and reflects on why we believe the contributions offer an original reflection on the topic.
Keywords: Manufacturing industries, international trade, human capital, internationalization processes, industrial policy, Germany, Italy
Jel Code: F14, L25, L52