Every year about 40,000 workers in Santiago del Estero move to other provinces in Argentina for temporary agricultural work. This article explores some of the characteristics of this labor migration, which is a long duration phenomenon. To this end, it presents the historical, demographic, agricultural and environmental frames. It examines the working conditions of "swallow" workers and their social and cultural profile. Then, some questions are raised about the quality of this seasonal occupation and to what extent it meets or does not meet the conditions of what should be a "decent work". Finally, from the data presented, a policy and some lines of action are suggested, with the aim of improving the employment, social and productive situations of these rural temporary migrant workers.
Keywords: Agricultural workers, temporary migration, social vulnerability, decent work, Santiago del Estero, Argentina