In the course of WWII the concentration camps for prisoners of war grew in number all over the Italian territory, following the capture of enemy soldiers on the various fronts. From about 60, with 26.000 prisoners, in spring 1942, they came to number 72, several of whom subdivided in a series of subsidiary labor camps, totalling something under 80.000 internees on the eve of the armistice. If historiography has rather neglected the general topic of war prisoners in Italy, both as regards their treatment and the structures and bureaucratic management of their detention, a significant attention has been paid to the vicissitudes of certain single camps. Drawing on primary and secondary foreign sources, this concise study describes the situation existing in the Grupignano camp (campo Pg 57), prevalently reserved to Australian and New-Zealander prisoners, as a preliminary contribution to the construction of a concentrationary Atlas of our peninsula during the Second Word War.
Keywords: Italy 1941-1943, WWII, prisoners of war, POW camps, Australian and New- Zealander POW