The pace of discovery in the field of human genetics has increased exponentially in the last 30 years. We have witnessed the completion of the Human Genome Project, the identification of hundreds of disease-causing genes, and the dawn of genomic medicine (clinical care based on genomic information). Reduction of DNA sequencing costs, thanks to the so-called "next generation sequencing" technologies, is driving a shift towards the era of "personal genomes", but scientific as well as ethical challenges ahead are countless. We provide an overview on the classification of genetic tests, on informed consent procedures in the context of genetic counseling, and on specific ethical issues raised by the implementation of new DNA sequencing technologies.
Keywords: Genetic Tests, Genetic Counseling, Next generation, sequencing, Personal medicine, Informed consent, Ethical issues.