Examines the reclamation project of a marsh area in the north-west of Sardinia, a plain called Nurra, near the city of Alghero, that was planned during the fascist regime. The project included the building of a new town, Fertilia, and the colonization of the entire area exclusively by peasants from the province of Ferrara. The marsh area was under the administration of the Alghero city administration, the nearest urban centre, that was also the only Catalan speaking minority in Sardinia and Italy. Analyzing the case study of the new town centre (Fertilia) created in opposition to the old town (Alghero), the author argues that the phenomenon of the new towns in Italy during the fascist regime was a way to definitively italianize the population of peripheral areas.
Keywords: Alghero, Sardinia, Italian fascism, internal colonization, italianization, Italian imperialism, new town