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Profili di personalità e rischio stradale in adolescenza: uno studio longitudinale in ambiente simulato e reale
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Davide Marengo, Michele Settanni, Giulio Vidotto, Silvia Ciairano 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2012 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  29 P. 33-61 Dimensione file:  722 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2012-001003
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In questo studio e presentata una classificazione in profili di rischio stradale relativa a un campione di adolescenti (n = 207) tra i 14 e 15 anni di eta con eterogenee esperienze di guida. La classificazione e stata definita utilizzando tecniche di cluster analysis su un set limitato di scale di personalita e, come fonte di validazione esterna, due misure di guida su simulatore di ciclomotore. La stabilita nel tempo di tale classificazione e stata esaminata valutandone la capacita predittiva rispetto a comportamenti e eventi di guida su strada riportati a un anno distanza. La validita dell’uso della simulazione e stata inoltre investigata valutando la concordanza tra le misure di guida ottenute su simulatore e comportamenti ed eventi di guida self-report raccolte un anno di distanza. Sono stati individuati tre profili (cluster A-B-C). Un profilo "a rischio" (B), caratterizzato da alti livelli di sensation seeking e impulsivita e bassi livelli di ansia e altruismo, ha rivelato lo stile di guida meno sicuro e il piu frequente coinvolgimento in incidenti su simulatore. Un profilo "preoccupato" (A), caratterizzato da alti livelli di ansia, orientamento esterno del locus of control e bassi livelli di sensation seeking e altruismo, ha rivelato uno stile di guida nel complesso prudente, pur non differenziandosi in termini d’incidentalita dal profilo "a rischio". Un profilo "sicuro" (C), caratterizzato dal alti livelli di altruismo, orientamento interno del locus of control e basso sen sation seeking, ha dimostrato lo stile di guida piu sicuro e il piu basso coinvolgimento in incidenti su simulatore. I dati riguardanti la guida in ambiente reale raccolti a un anno di distanza hanno nel complesso confermato le differenze in termini di rischio stradale osservate tra i profili rispetto alla guida su simulatore. La buona concordanza osservata in questo studio tra misure di guida su simulatore e comportamenti ed eventi di guida in ambiente reale rappresenta un elemento a supporto della validita del simulatore come strumento per la misurazione di comportamenti di guida.


Keywords: Guida pericolosa, Adolescenza, Simulazione di guida, Profili di personalita, Cluster analysis.

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Davide Marengo, Michele Settanni, Giulio Vidotto, Silvia Ciairano, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 1/2012, pp. 33-61, DOI:10.3280/RIP2012-001003

   

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