In many countries the number of fatal road accidents and accidents with serious injuries has decreased significantly in recent decades. Despite this considerable improvement the high risk of road accidents by young drivers continues to persist. This article describes the main results of contemporary reviews and research on the effectiveness of interventions, major methodological problems which have incurred the previous studies and also specify the countermeasures that seems most promising. Is also dealt with the central issue of why the high risk of accidents for young drivers is more difficult to solve than others. Over time, many countermeasures have been developed to reduce road accidents of young drivers. The conclusions reached by the most recent reviews of the scientific literature on the effectiveness of these interventions are consistent: there is little or no evidence that the training of young drivers and novice drivers reduce the risk of road accidents. Programs which are aimed at increasing the driving experience such as GDL and accompanied driving are effective in decreasing traffic accidence. This programs however do not constitute a satisfactory solution to this problem because the risk of road accidents of young drivers continues to remain unacceptably high. Some programs such as insight training and commentary driving seem promising. More research is needed. To reduce road accidents by young drivers are recommended, in addition to specific interventions such as the GDL and accompanied driving, all other countermeasures that have already documented the effectiveness for the general population of drivers.
Keywords: Young driver, Novice driver, Driver training, Risk factors, Accident countermeasures, Driver training evaluation.