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Comunicare con la persona anziana
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Lidia De Piccolo 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2012 Fascicolo: 2-3 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 309-324 Dimensione file:  235 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2012-002011
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


I modi di invecchiare e di percepire il processo di invecchiamento sono fortemente differenziati, ne consegue che l’approccio con la persona anziana deve essere fortemente individualizzato. La competenza comunicativa costituisce quindi il prerequisito essenziale a costruire una risposta che sia centrata sulla persona e tale da rispondere ai suoi effettivi bisogni. Di seguito e proposta una sintesi della ricerca attuale sugli aspetti piu rilevanti della comunicazione verbale e non-verbale con la persona anziana. Sono descritti in particolare i correlati tra la qualita della relazione interpersonale e funzioni quali l’uso dello sguardo, le espressioni del volto, la postura, il contatto fisico, la prossemica. Sono inoltre proposti in sintesi gli atteggiamenti comunicativi da adottare con pazienti affetti da demenza. In generale, nella relazione con l’anziano, la letteratura suggerisce di formulare domande brevi e verificarne la comprensione, usare un tono di voce pacato, parlare lentamente, mantenendo un atteggiamento calmo, lasciare del tempo per formulare la risposta, ripetere se necessario, condividere il piu possibile lo stile linguistico (scelta delle parole, uso del dialetto). Spesso e buona norma raccogliere informazioni dai familiari relativamente alle abitudini di vita dell’anziano, al suo contesto ambientale, alle sue preferenze. E essenziale valorizzare le competenze residue e cercare di utilizzare i sensi piu integri e preferiti dall’anziano.


Keywords: Comunicazione verbale, relazione con l’anziano, comunicazione non-verbale.

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Lidia De Piccolo, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2-3/2012, pp. 309-324, DOI:10.3280/RIP2012-002011

   

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