Clicca qui per scaricare

Sonno, ritmi circadiani e processi di memoria nell’anziano
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: Carlo Cipolli, Giovanni Tuozzi 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2012 Fascicolo: 2-3 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  17 P. 369-385 Dimensione file:  474 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2012-002015
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


L’invecchiamento e caratterizzato da varie modificazioni della qualita e dell’architettura del sonno, in particolare la frammentazione del sonno, la diminuzione della proporzione di sonno lento e di sonno REM, la sonnolenza diurna e la disorganizzazione della regolazione circadiana del ritmo sonno-veglia. Queste modificazioni, presenti da sole o in combinazione con specifici disturbi del sonno, sono spesso associate a un deterioramento delle funzioni cognitive, in particolare la memoria sia dichiarativa che non-dichiarativa. Alcune strategie di stabilizzazione della ritmicita circadiana della qualita del sonno, basate su metodiche comportamentali di "igiene del sonno", sono abbastanza efficaci per il recupero della qualita del sonno e, in via mediata, dell’efficienza cognitiva negli anziani sia in regime familiare che, soprattutto, in regime residenziale.


Keywords: Sonno, ritmi circadiani, memoria dichiarativa e non-dichiarativa, igiene del sonno.

  1. Alchanatis, M., Zias, N., Deligiorgis, N., Liappas, I., Chroneou, A., Soldatos, C., & Roussos, C. (2008). Comparison of cognitive performance among different age groups in patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep and Breathing, 12, 17-24
  2. Aly, M., & Moscovitch, M. (2010). The effects of sleep on episodic memory in older and younger adults. Memory, 18, 327-334.
  3. Backhaus, J., Born, J., Hoeckesfeld, R., Fokuhl, S., Hohagen, F., & Junghanns, K. (2007). Midlife decline in declarative memory consolidation is correlated with a decline in slow wave sleep. Learning & Memory, 14, 336-341
  4. Bloom, H., Ahmed, I., Alessi, C.A., Ancoli-Israel, S., Buysse, D.J., Kryger, M. H., Phillips, B., Thorpy, M., Vitiello, M., & Zee, P.C. (2009). Evidence-based recommendations for the assessment and management of sleep disorders in older persons. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 57, 761-789
  5. Buysse, D.J., Reynolds, C.F., Monk, T.H., Berman, S.R., & Kupfer, D.J. (1989). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index: a new instrument for psychiatric practice and research. Psychiatry Research, 28, 193-213.
  6. Cajochen, C., Munch, M., Knoblauch, V., Blatter, K., & Wirz-Justice, A. (2006). Age-related changes in the circadian and homeostatic regulation of human sleep. Chronobiology International, 23, 461-474.
  7. Chong, M.S., Ayalon, L., Marler, M., Loredo, J.S., Corey-Bloom, J., Palmer, B. W., Liu, L., & Ancoli-Israel, S. (2006). Continuous positive airway pressure reduces subjective daytime sleepiness in patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease with sleep disordered breathing. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 54, 777-781.
  8. Cooke, J.R., & Ancoli-Israel, S. (2011). Normal and abnormal sleep in the elderly. Handbook of Clinical Neurology, 98, 653-665
  9. Diekelmann, S., & Born, J. (2010). The memory function of sleep. Nature Reviews Neurosicence, 11, 114-126.
  10. Fagioli, I., & Salzarulo, P. (1995). Psicologia e fisiologia del sonno. In S. Sirigatti (ed.). Manuale di psicologia generale (pp. 97-154). Torino: UTET
  11. Ferini-Strambi, L., Baietto, C., Di Gioia, M.R., Castaldi, P., Castronovo, C., Zucconi, M., & Cappa, S.F. (2003). Cognitive dysfunction in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): partial reversibility after continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). Brain Research Bulletin, 61, 87-92.
  12. Ferrie, J., Shipley, M., Akbaraly, T., Marmot, M., Kivimäki, M., & Singh-Manoux, A. (2011). Change in sleep duration and cognitive function: findings from the Whitehall II Study. Sleep, 34, 565-573.
  13. Fetveit, A., & Bjorvatn, B. (2002). Sleep disturbances among nursing home residents. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 604-609
  14. Ficca, G., & Salzarulo, P. (2004). What in sleep is for memory. Sleep Medicine, 5, 225-230.
  15. Flick, U., Garms-Homolova, V., & Ronnsch, G. (2010). “When they sleep, they sleep”. Daytime activities and sleep disorders in nursing homes. Journal of Health Psychology, 15, 755-764.
  16. Foley, D., Monjan, A., Masaki, K., Ross, W., Havlik, R., White, L., & Launer, L. (2001). Daytime sleepiness is associated with 3-year incident dementia and cognitive decline in older Japanese-American men. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 49, 1628-1632.
  17. Fox, M.T., Sidani, S., & Brooks, D. (2010). Differences in sleep complaints in adults with varying levels of bed days residing in extended care facilities for chronic disease management. Clinical Nursing Research, 19, 181-202.
  18. Fulda, S., & Schulz, H. (2010). How treatment affects cognitive deficits in patients with sleep disorders: methodological commonalities and interrelationships. Progress in Brain Research, 185, 69-90
  19. Hornung, O.P., Regen, F., Schredl, M., Heuser, I., & Danker-Hopfe, H. (2006). Manipulating REM sleep in older adults by selective REM sleep deprivation and physiological as well as pharmacological REM sleep augmentation methods. Experimental Neurology, 197, 486-494
  20. Jonelis, M.B., Drummond, S.P., Salamat, J.S., McKenna, B.S., Ancoli-Israel, S., & Bondi, M.W. (2012). Age-related influences of prior sleep on brain activation during verbal encoding. Frontiers in Neurology, 3, 49.
  21. Keage, H., Banks, S., Yang, K.L., Morgan, K., Brayne, C., & Matthews, F.E. (2012). What sleep characteristics predict cognitive decline in the elderly? Sleep Medicine, 13, 886-892
  22. Martin, J.L., Webber, A.P., Alam, T., Harker, J.O., Josephson, K.R., & Alessi, C. A. (2006). Daytime sleeping, sleep disturbance, and circadian rhythms in the nursing home. American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 14, 121-129.
  23. Mazzoni, G., Gori, S., Formicola, G., Gneri, C., Massetani, R., Murri, L., & Salzarulo, P. (1999). Word recall correlates with sleep cycles in elderly subjects. Journal of Sleep Research, 8, 185-188
  24. Monk, T.H. (2010). Enhancing circadian zeitgebers. Sleep, 33, 421-422
  25. Naylor, E., Penev, P.D., Orbeta, L., Janssen, I., Ortiz, R., Colecchia, E., Keng, M., Finkel, S., & Zee, P.C. (2000). Daily social and physical activity increases slow-wave sleep and daytime neuropsychological performance in the elderly. Sleep, 23, 87-95.
  26. Neikrug, A.B., & Ancoli-Israel, S. (2010). Sleep disorders in the older adult: a mini-review. Gerontology, 56, 181-189.
  27. Ohayon, M.M., & Vecchierini, M.F. (2005). Normative sleep data, cognitive function and daily living activities in older adults in the community. Sleep, 28, 981-989.
  28. Pivik, T., & Foulkes, D. (1968). NREM mentation: relation to personality, orientation time, and time of night. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 32, 144-151.
  29. Rausch, G., Schabus, M., Parapactis, S., Bertran, F., Clochon, P., Hot, P., Denise, P., Desgranges, B., Eustache, F., Gruber, G., & Anderer, P. (2008). Is there a link between sleep changes and memory in Alzheimer’s disease? Neuroreport, 19, 1159-1162
  30. Rechtschaffen, A., & Kales, A. (1968). A manual of standardized terminology techniques and scoring system for sleep stages of human subjects. Publ. Health Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington (D.C.).
  31. Rogers, N., & Dinges, D. (2008). Interaction of chronic sleep restriction and circadian system in humans. Journal of Sleep Research, 17, 406-411
  32. Schredl, M., Weber, B., Leins, M.L., & Heuser, I. (2001). Donepezil-induced REM sleep augmentation enhances memory performance in elderly, healthy persons. Experimental Gerontology, 36, 353-361
  33. Song, S., Howard, J.H., & Howard, D.V. (2007). Sleep does not benefit probabilistic motor sequence learning. Journal of Neuroscience, 27, 12475-1283
  34. Spencer, R.M., Gouw, A.M., & Ivry, R. (2007). Age-related decline of sleep-dependent consolidation. Learning & Memory,14, 480-484.
  35. Takahashi, M. (2003). The role of prescribed napping in sleep medicine. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 7, 227-235
  36. Tucker, M., McKinley, S., & Stickgold, R. (2011). Sleep optimizes motor skill in older adults. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 59, 603-609.
  37. Vaz Fragoso, C.A., & Gill, T.M. (2007). Sleep complaints in community-living older persons: a multifactorial geriatric syndrome. Journal of American Geriatric Society, 55, 1853-1866
  38. Wilson, J.K., Baran, B., Pace-Schott, E., Ivry, R., & Spencer, R.M. (2012). Sleep modulates word-pair learning but not motor sequence learning in healthy older adults. Neurobiology of Aging, 33, 991-1000
  39. Zimmerman, M.E., Arnedt, J.T., Stanchina, M., Millman, R.P., & Aloia, M.S. (2006). Normalization of memory performance and positive airway pressure adherence in memory-impaired patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Chest, 130, 1772-1778
  40. Zisberg, A., Gur-Yaish, N., & Shochat, T. (2010). Contribution of routine to sleep quality in community elderly. Sleep, 33, 509-14.

Carlo Cipolli, Giovanni Tuozzi, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2-3/2012, pp. 369-385, DOI:10.3280/RIP2012-002015

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche