Among senile pathologies, dementia syndromes play a central role, since they damage basic mental functions of judgment and reasoning. The rehabilitation of patients affected by such syndromes is possible through expressive techniques. In particular, Art-Therapy, as a non-verbal expressive technique based on the use of different materials to create objects representative of one’s internal state, can slow down the effects of dementia syndromes. This work aimed to assess the efficacy - in a period of 36 months - of an art-therapy intervention on 14 patients with such syndromes (mean age = 80,9 years). Patient monitoring was carried out by administering: Satisfaction Profile, Sandoz Clinical Assessment Geriatric and Mini Mental State Examination. The art-therapy intervention took place in small groups and/or in domestic sessions. The medical study was investigated with the Wilcoxon repeated measures test for paired samples. The effect size (r) was reported for each longitudinal comparison T0–T3. Results showed a statistically significant improvement of subjects’ socio-relational performances, particularly in the dimensions of psychological functionality, social and affective behavior. Such progress could be ascribable to the group modality of work, which allows reciprocal support among the participants. Furthermore, the re-activation of creative skills, linked to previous subjects’ abilities, stimulated a decrease of the deterioration phenomena, also in domestic interventions.
Keywords: Rehabilitation, art therapy, dementia syndromes.
Ottavia Albanese, Alessandro Pepe, Barbara Ferrari, Manuela Peserico, Rehabilitation and art therapy in dementia syndromes in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 2-3/2012, pp. 525-542, DOI:10.3280/RIP2012-002024