The dementia and creativity combination may seem contradictory, paradoxical. However, various studies about relationship between art and madness, and multiple observations and clinical findings in patients with cognitive decline, suggests the possible and practical coexistence between the two entities. In recent years, the neuroscience researches have shown that artistic expression, mainly activated by the right hemisphere may develop when the left hemisphere decreases its inhibitory control. In the literature, there are some examples of painters, philo- sophers, and many institutionalized people with dementia, testifying to the presence, conservation, development of creative expressions in their paintings, in their words, in their writings. Creativity is present in each individual and is expressed in every condition; dementia seems to sum up the value of a hyperbole, a metaphor of clinical and existential condition.
Keywords: Dementia, creativity, aging, culture.