The PKRA (Perceptual Knowledge Report Analysis) is a new tool for coding reports of sessions of psychotherapy. By identifying some linguistic markers, it is possible to bring out the different types of information sources that the psychotherapist uses when recalling the relational experience with the patient. These information sources can traced back to a cognitive mode based either on the emotional resonance or the first person, on mentalization or third person (Bara, 2007), and the direct perception or second person (Reddy, 2008). The reports were written immediately after the end of the sessions to preserve the mood of what has happened, and present the episodic of the sessions to the extent possible free from semantisation. In particular, a grid which considers the possible attributions to the first, second and third person has been created ad hoc. The reports were later evaluated, in a blinded fashion by three independent judges, and the results show that the instrument is reliable for all three categories of coding. Furthermore, the reports of developmental age psychotherapists compared to the reports of adult age psychotherapists, show a prevalence of the second person mode compared to those in first and third person, which appear to be used only when second person mode is not sufficiently comprehensive. In conclusion, this work discuss the importance of perceptual knowledge for understanding the therapeutic relationship, diagnosis, in the psychotherapeutic process.
Keywords: Perceptual knowledge, tuning, psychotherapy, report
Tiziana Frau, Stella Ambel, Elena Checchin, Sabrina Giorcelli, Barbara Martino, Cristiana Risso, Simona Giribone, Paola Abrate, Chiara Tomassoni, Angelo Maria Inverso, Perceptual Knowledge Report Analysis (PKRA): A new instrument in "QUADERNI DI PSICOTERAPIA COGNITIVA" 32/2013, pp. 23-44, DOI:10.3280/QPC2013-032003