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Teorie sull’eziologia degli incidenti nelle organizzazioni
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO  
Autori/Curatori:  Maurizio Catino, Dolino Alessia Bianco 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: 130 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 33-51 Dimensione file:  639 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2013-130003
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Questo articolo presenta i diversi contributi teorici che hanno caratterizzato l’eziologia degli incidenti organizzativi: (1) la teoria degli incidenti normali, causati dalle caratteristiche strutturali di alcune organizzazioni; (2) la teoria degli incidenti organizzativi, causati dalla presenza di fattori patogeni di natura organizzativa che favoriscono gli errori e le azioni insicure degli operatori; (3) la teoria degli incidenti epistemici, causati da assunzioni scientifiche e tecnologiche dimostratesi errate, anche se ritenute ragionevoli fino al manifestarsi dell’incidente. Dopo aver presentato le caratteristiche principali delle diverse teorie, l’articolo propone una comparazione analitica tra i diversi approcci individuandone le relative implicazioni per la teoria e per la pratica. In conclusione viene presentato un modello analitico multilivello (micro, meso, macro) per lo studio degli incidenti organizzativi e il miglioramento delle condizioni di sicurezza.


Keywords: Incidente organizzativo, incidente normale, incidente epistemico, errore umano, sicurezza, affidabilità organizzativa

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Maurizio Catino, Dolino Alessia Bianco, in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 130/2013, pp. 33-51, DOI:10.3280/SL2013-130003

   

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