Click here to download

Foreign Acquisitions of Land in Developing Countries. Risks, Opportunities and New Actors
Journal Title: QA Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria 
Author/s: Nadia Cuffaro, Giorgia Giovannetti, Salvatore Monni 
Year:  2013 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  28 Pg. 9-36 FullText PDF:  433 KB
DOI:  10.3280/QU2013-002001
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The Special Issue focuses on the recent wave of foreign acquisitions of land in developing countries and provides. This essay article reviews the debate, providing an overview of the extent, patterns and origin of investments, and contextualizing the various contributions included in the issue. The main sections are devoted to the determinants of FDI, including the balance between risks and benefits of land internalization, the opportunities and risks of land acquisitions and regulation. The deals involve land usually on a very large scale and predominantly in the context of complex and unclear structures of property rights; weak stakeholders may have insufficient "voice" vis-à-vis their governments; governments may have weak planning and regulatory abilities. The possible risks of increasing investments are associated with property rights and potential dispossession of vulnerable land users, land concentration and lack of transparency in the contracts. EconLit Classification: Q150, F230, O190
Keywords: FDI, Land grabbing, Property rights

  1. Alden Wily L. (2011), «“The Law is to Blame”: The Vulnerable Status of Common Property Rights in Sub-Saharan Africa», Development and Change, 42, 3, pp. 733-757.
  2. Allan J.A., Keulertz M., Sojamo S., Warner J. (eds.) (2013), Handbook of Land and Water Grabs in Africa: Foreign Direct Investment and Food and Water Security, Routledge International Handbooks, UK.
  3. Anseeuw W., Alden Wily L., Cotula L., Taylor M. (2012a), Land Rights and the Rush for Land: Findings of the Global Commercial Pressures on Land Research Project, ILC, Rome.
  4. Anseeuw W., Boche M., Breu T., Giger M., Lay J., Messerli P., Nolte K., (2012b), Transnational Land Deals for Agriculture in the Global South. Analytical Report Based on the Land Matrix Database, CDE/CIRAD/GIGA, Bern/Montpellier/ Hamburg.
  5. Anseeuw W., Ducastel A. (2013), «“Production Grabbing”: New Investors and Investment Models in Agriculture», QA – Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 37-55.
  6. Arezki R., Deininger K., Selod H. (2011), «What Drives the Global Land Rush?», IMF Working Paper, 251.
  7. Bickel M., Breuer T. (2009), «FDI in Land in Developing Countries», Rural 21 – The International Journal for Rural Development, 43, 2, April, pp. 34-37.
  8. Borras S. Jr, Cristóbal Kay, Sergio Gómez, Wilkinson J. (2012), «Land Grabbing and Global Capitalist Accumulation: Key Features in Latin America», Canadian Journal of Development Studies/Revue canadienne d’études du développement, 33, 4, pp. 402-416.
  9. Burgis T., Blasi J. (2009), «Madagascar Scraps Daewoo Farm Deal», Financial Times, March 18, available on line: http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/7e133310-13ba-11de-9e32-0000779fd2ac.html (last access: 5 April 2013).
  10. Castel V., Kamara A., (2009), «Foreign Investments in Africa’s Agricultural Land: Implications for Rural Sector Development and Poverty Reduction», African Development Bank, Development Research Brief, 2, Office of the Chief Economist, Tunis.
  11. Cotula L., Dyer N., Vermeulen S. (2008), Fuelling Exclusion? The Biofuels Boom and Poor People’s Access to Land, IIED, London.
  12. Cotula L., Vermeulen S., Leonard R., Keeley J. (2009), Land Grab or Development Opportunity? Agricultural Investment and International Land Deals in Africa, FAO, IIED and IFAD.
  13. Cotula L. (2011), Land Deals In Africa: What Is in the Contracts?, IIED, London
  14. Cotula L. (2012), «The International Political Economy of the Global Land Rush: A Critical Appraisal of Trends, Scale, Geography and Drivers», Journal of Peasant Studies, 39, 3-4, 1 July, pp. 649-680.
  15. Cotula L., Polack E. (2012), The Global Land Rush: What the Evidence Reveals About Scale and Geography, IIED, April.
  16. Cotula L. (2013), «Commercial Pressures and Legal Rights: The Law Regulating Agricultural Investment in Africa», QA – Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 165-196.
  17. Cuffaro N. (2001), Population, Economic Growth and Agriculture in Less Developed Countries, Routledge, London and New York.
  18. Cuffaro N., Hallam D. (2011), “Land Grabbing” in Developing Countries: Foreign Investors, Regulation and Codes of Conduct, International Conference on Global
  19. Land Grabbing, Brighton, UK, 6-8 April, available on line: http://www.futureagricultures. org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=search_result&Itemid=971 (last access: 20 April 2013).
  20. Cuffaro N. (2013), «Large Scale Land Acquisitions in Developing Countries: Property Rights and CSR», available on line at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2204466 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2204466 (last access: 20 April 2013).
  21. Davies G. (2011), «Farmland as an Asset Class: The Focus of Private Equity Firms in Africa», International Conference on Global Land Grabbing, Brighton, UK, http://www.future-agricultures.org/index.php?option=com_docman&task=search _result&Itemid=971 (last access: 25 April 2013).
  22. Deininger K. (2011), «Challenges Posed by the New Wave of Farmland Investment», The Journal of Peasant Studies, 38, 2 March, pp. 217-247.
  23. Deiniger K., Byerlee D., (2011a), «The Rise of Large Farms in Land Abundant Countries Do They Have A Future?», Policy Research Working Paper, 5588, World Bank, Washington, Dc.
  24. Deininger K., Byerlee D. (2011b), Rising Global Interest in Farmland: Can It Yield Sustainable and Equitable Benefits?, World Bank, Washington, Dc.
  25. De Schutter O. (2009), «Promotion and Protection of All Human Rights, Civil, Political, Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Including the Right to Development», Report of the Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food , United Nations General Assembly Human Rights Council, available on line: http://www. srfood.org/images/stories/pdf/officialreports/20100305_a-hrc-13-33-add2_land-principles_en.pdf (last access: 15 April 2013).
  26. Development Afrique (2009), «Foreign Investment in African Agriculture: New Land Grab or Opportunity?», available on line: http://developmentafrique. com/?p=75 (last access: 2 May 2013).
  27. Dunning J., Lundan M. (2008), Multinational Enterprises and the Global Economy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenam, UK.
  28. FAO (2009a), «From Land Grab to Win-Win. Seizing the Opportunities of International Investments in Agriculture», available on line: ftp://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/011/ak357e/ak357e00.pdf (last access: 16 April 2013).
  29. FAO (2009b), «Assessing the Nature, Extent and Impacts of FDI on West African Agriculture: The Case of Ghana and Senegal», Consultant Report, Mimeo.
  30. FAO (2009c), The State of Agricultural Commodity Markets 2009, FAO, Rome.
  31. FAO (2012a), Trends and Impact of Foreign direct Investments in Developing Country Agriculture. Evidence from Case Studies, Rome, November, available on line: http://www.fao.org/docrep/017/i3112e/i3112e.pdf (last access: 14 April 2013).
  32. FAO (2012b), Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests, available on line: http://www.fao.org/docrep/016//i2801e/i2801e.pdf (last access: 10 April 2013).
  33. FAO, IFAD, UNCTAD, World Bank Group (2010), Principles for Responsible Agricultural Investment that Respect Rights, Livelihoods and resources. A discussion note, available on line: http://www.donorplatform.org/component/option,com_docman/task,doc_view/gid,1280 (last access: 15 April 2013).
  34. Friis C., Reenberg A. (2010), «Land Grab in Africa: Emerging Land System Drivers in a Teleconnected World», GLP Report, 1, GLP-IPO, Copenhagen.
  35. German L., Gumbo D., Schoneveld G. (2013), «Large-Scale Land Acquisitions: Exploring the Marginal Lands Narrative in the Chitemene System of Zambia», QA –Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 109-135.
  36. Giovannetti G., Ticci E. (2012), Sub-Saharan Africa in Global Trends of Investment in Renewable Energy. Drivers and the Challenge of the Water-Energy-Land Nexus, Background Paper Prepared for the European Report on Development 2011/2012.
  37. Giovannetti G., Ticci E. (2013), «Foreign Direct Investment in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Land-Energy Nexus», QA – Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 57-86.
  38. GRAIN (2010a), http://www.grain.org/articles/?id=64GRAIN (2010b), «Stop Land Grabbing Now!», available on line: http://www.grain.org/bulletin_board/entries/4224-stop-land-grabbing-now (last access: 15 April 2013).
  39. GRAIN (2012), «Squeezing Africa Dry: Behind Every Land Grab Is a Water Grab», June, available on line: http://www.grain.org/article/entries/4516-squeezing-africadry-behind-every-land-grab-is-a-water-grab (last access: 15 April 2013).
  40. Grover R. (2009), «Voluntary Guidelines For Good Governance In Land And Natural Resource Tenure Issues From An International Institutional Perspective», Land Tenure Working Paper 9, Fao.
  41. GTZ (2009a), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Land in Developing Countries, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit.
  42. GTZ (2009b), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Land in Madagascar, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit.
  43. GTZ (2009c), Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in Land in Mali, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit.
  44. Hallam D. (2010), «International Investment in Developing Country Agriculture: Issues and Challenges», Agriregionieuropa, 6, 20, March, pp. 64-69.
  45. HLPE (2011), «Land Tenure and International Investments in Agriculture», A Report by the “High Level Panel of Experts on Food Security and Nutrition of the Committee on World Food Security”, July, Rome, available on line: http:// www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/hlpe/hlpe_documents/HLPE-Land-tenure-and-international-investmentsin-agriculture-2011.pdf (last access: 2 May 2013).
  46. Liberti S. (2011) Land Grabbing. Come il mercato delle terre crea il nuovo colonialismo, Minimum Fax, Roma.
  47. McNellis P.E. (2009), «Foreign Investment In Developing Country Agriculture – The Emerging Role Of Private Sector Finance», Fao Commodity And Trade Policy Research Working Paper, 28, Fao, Rome.
  48. Murmis M., Murmis M.R. (2012), «Land Concentration and Foreign Landownership in Argentina in the Context of Global Land Grabbing», Canadian Journal of Development, Studies/Revue canadienne d’études du développement, 33, 4, pp. 490-508.
  49. Narula S. (ed.) (2010), Foreign Land Deals and Human Rights: Case Studies on Agricultural and Biofuel Investment, CHRGJ, New York University, New York.
  50. Oman C., Chesnais F., Pelzman J., Rama R. (1989), New Forms of Investment in Developing Country Industries: Mining, Petrochemicals, Automobiles, Textiles, Food, OECD Development Centre, Paris.
  51. O’Rourke D., (2006), «Multi-Stakeholder Regulation: Privatizing or Socializing Global Labor Standards?», World Development, 34, 5, May, pp. 899-918.
  52. Oxfam (2011), Land and Power. The Growing Scandal Surrounding the New Wave of Investment in Land, available on line: www.oxfam.org/grow (last access: 15 April 2013).
  53. Pearce F. (2012), The Landgrabbers. The New Fight over Who Owns the Planet, Transworld publishers, London.
  54. Quagliarotti D.A.L. (2013), «The Land Grabbing Phenomenon: Hydro-Political Effects in the Nile River Basin», QA – Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 87-108.
  55. Rama R., Wilkinson J. (2008), Foreign Direct Investment and Agri-Food Value Chains in Developing Countries: A Review of the Main Issues, Commodity Market Review, 2007-2008, FAO, Rome.
  56. Romano M., Liversage H. (2010), Biofuels, Land Rights and Community-Investor Partnerships. Good Practices and Preliminary Lessons Learned in Selected Case Studies in India, Thailand and Viet Nam IFAD, Rome
  57. Sassen S. (2013), «Land Grabs Today: Feeding the Disassembling of National Territory », Globalizations, 10, 1, pp. 25-46.
  58. Smaller C., Mann H. (2009), A Thirst for Distant Lands: Foreign Investment in Agricultural Land and Water, International Institute for Sustainable Development, Winnipeg, Manitoba.
  59. Tallontire A., Greenhalgh P. (2005), «TNCs and Codes of Conduct. Establishing CSR Drivers in Agribusiness», Final Report for Foreign Investment Advisory Service International Finance Corporation & World Bank, Washington, Dc.
  60. UNCTAD (2009), World Investment Report 2009. Transnational Corporations, Agricultural Production and Development, New York and Geneva.
  61. United Nations (2003), «Norms on the Responsibilities of Transnational Corporations and Other Business Enterprises with Regard to Human Rights», E/CN.4/Sub.2/2003/12/Rev.2.
  62. Vermeulen S., Cotula L. (2010), Making the Most of Agricultural Investment: A Survey of Business Models that Provide Opportunities for Smallholders, FAO/IFAD/IIED/SDC, Rome/London/Bern, available on line: http://www.iied.org/pubs/display.php?o=12566IIED (last access: 15 April 2013). von Braun J. (2008), «Food and Financial Crises: Implications for Agriculture and the Poor», Brief prepared for the CGIAR Annual General Meeting, Maputo, Mozambique, December.
  63. v. Braun J., Meizen-Dick R. (2009), «“Land Grabbing” by Foreign Investors in Developing Countries: Risk and Opportunities», IFPRI Policy Brief, 13, available on line: http://www.ifpri.cgiar.org/sites/default/files/publications/bp013all. pdf (last access: 3 April 2013).
  64. Wisborg P. (2013), «Justice and Sustainability: Resistance and Innovation in a Transnational Land Deal in Ghana», QA – Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria, 3, pp. 137-163.
  65. Woodhouse P., Ganho S. (2011), «Is Water the Hidden Agenda of Agricultural Land Acquisition in Sub-Saharan Africa», International Conference on Global Land Grabbing, Brighton, UK, 6-8 April.

Nadia Cuffaro, Giorgia Giovannetti, Salvatore Monni, Foreign Acquisitions of Land in Developing Countries. Risks, Opportunities and New Actors in "QA Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria" 2/2013, pp. 9-36, DOI:10.3280/QU2013-002001

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content