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Il benessere degli insegnanti: il ruolo del supporto sociale e delle dimensioni organizzative
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Veronica Velasco, Massimo Miglioretti, Corrado Celata, Luca Vecchio 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  19 P. 52-70 Dimensione file:  401 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2013-002005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


La presente ricerca si propone di studiare le relazioni tra richieste e risorse, individuali e organizzative, e le condizioni di benessere in un gruppo di insegnanti. A 209 insegnanti (età media = 47.49; 80% femmine) provenienti da 201 scuole secondarie lombarde di I e II grado è stato chiesto di compilare un questionario che raccoglieva informazioni rispetto a: i dati socioanagrafici e le caratteristiche delle loro scuole; la percezione di alcune condizioni lavorative rela- tive alla gestione della disciplina degli studenti, al rapporto con i familiari, al sovraccarico lavorativo, al supporto del dirigente scolastico e al lavoro di gruppo con gli altri insegnanti; il burnout, l’engagement e la soddisfazione lavorativa. Attraverso una path analysis si è potuto evidenziare come due dimensioni del burnout e l’engagement siano fortemente influenzati dalla qualità della relazione con il dirigente scolastico. La gestione dei problemi disciplinari degli studenti sembra invece influenzare solo debolmente i livelli di burnout o di engagement. Inoltre, il supporto del dirigente e il rapporto con i genitori influenzano la job satisfaction tramite la mediazione del burnout e dell’engagement. I risultati sottolineano la necessità di prendersi cura del benessere degli insegnanti attraverso un approccio organizzativo che prenda in considerazione le risorse individuali e contestuali, le dinamiche relazionali e la gestione della scuola come un sistema integrato; particolare rilevo pare assumere la figura del dirigente scolastico.


Keywords: Insegnanti di scuole secondarie, benessere, condizioni lavorative, dirigente scolastico.

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  1. Gloria Guidetti, Sara Viotti, Pedro R. Gil-Monte, Daniela Converso, Feeling Guilty or Not Guilty. Identifying Burnout Profiles among Italian Teachers in Current Psychology /2018 pp. 769, DOI: 10.1007/s12144-016-9556-6

Veronica Velasco, Massimo Miglioretti, Corrado Celata, Luca Vecchio, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2013, pp. 52-70, DOI:10.3280/PDS2013-002005

   

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