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La prevenzione dell’HIV: una questione "di genere"? Uno studio preliminare sulle determinanti psicosociali dell’uso del preservativo in un campione di studenti universitari
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Roberta Fida, Carlo Tramontano, Marinella Paciello, Valentina Cara, Claudio Barbaranelli 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  22 P. 137-158 Dimensione file:  768 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2013-002009
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Il presente contributo indaga le differenze di genere relative ad alcune determinanti psicosociali dell’intenzione d’uso del preservativo, nell’ambito della teoria del Comportamento Pianificato di Fishbein e Ajzen quali le norme e il controllo. Alla ricerca hanno partecipato 271 universitari dell’Università Sapienza di Roma (60% donne) di età compresa tra i 18 e i 41 anni (M = 23.5, DS = 3.17). I risultati dell’ANOVA e del modello di equazioni strutturali confermano che molteplici fattori incidono sulle intenzioni d’uso del preservativo con importanti differenze tra uomini e donne. I risultati evidenziano come il genere sia un importante moderatore dei nessi teoricamente definiti. Ciò significa che, almeno in qualche misura, il modello "cambia forma" nei due gruppi, specialmente rispetto alla norma soggettiva e agli antecedenti distali dell’intenzione d’uso del preservativo. Ciò comporta la necessità di pensare e implementare programmi di intervento che su piattaforme comuni prevedano anche alcune componenti specifiche per genere.


Keywords: HIV, uso del preservativo, differenze di genere, Teoria del Comportamento Pianificato.

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Roberta Fida, Carlo Tramontano, Marinella Paciello, Valentina Cara, Claudio Barbaranelli, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2013, pp. 137-158, DOI:10.3280/PDS2013-002009

   

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