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Beyond Order and Madness. Death and the Hereafter in the Ethnographies of Ernesto De Martino
Titolo Rivista: PARADIGMI 
Autori/Curatori: Fabrizio M. Ferrari 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 51-66 Dimensione file:  118 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PARA2013-002005
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


The paper discusses the views of Ernesto De Martino on thanatology. Although De Martino worked extensively of mortuary rituals and myths and beliefs related to death, little has been said about his last interview, Rapporto sull’aldilà ("Report on the hereafter"). The author explores here the philosophical and anthropological argument of De Martino vis-à-vis themes such as ritual, presence and labour, and the way they relate to death as a cultural construction. Borrowing from Marxist anthropology and continental philosophy, the paper argues that De Martino was eventually sceptical of classic phenomenology and developed a philosophical approach which was deliberately polemic towards the dominating ideology of the 1950s and 1960s academic study of religion.

L’articolo intende discutere la posizione di Ernesto De Martino nel campo della tanatologia. Sebbene De Martino abbia indagato temi quali rituali funebri, miti e credenze relative alla morte in gran parte della sua produzione scientifica, poco è stato detto circa la sua ultima intervista, il Rapporto sull’aldilà, apparso postumo nel 1965 su L’Europeo. In questo articolo, l’autore analizza il pensiero filosofico e antropologico di De Martino rispetto a te- matiche a lui care (presenza, rito, mito, lavoro) e il modo in cui si interfacciano al tema della morte nel sociale. Basandosi su una metodologia costruita sull’antropologia Marxista e la filosofia post-strutturalista, l’autore analizza la critica di De Martino al pensiero fenomenologico corrente ed sostiene che l’analisi sulla morte e aldilà permette una più chiara presa di coscienza del radicalismo demartiniano in merito a temi di ordine sociale.
Keywords: Aldilà, antropologia marxista, apofaticismo, fenomenologia, morte, tanatologia.

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Fabrizio M. Ferrari, Oltre l’ordine e la follia. La morte e l’aldilà negli studi etnografici di Ernesto De Martino in "PARADIGMI" 2/2013, pp. 51-66, DOI:10.3280/PARA2013-002005

   

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