Click here to download

La presenza degli infermieri stranieri in Italia: verso un reclutamento etico del personale sanitario
Journal Title: SALUTE E SOCIETÀ 
Author/s: Gennaro Rocco, Alessandro Stievano 
Year:  2013 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  14 Pg. 19-32 FullText PDF:  109 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SES2013-003003
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


In this article it is described the italian situation about foreign nurses who work in Italy: where they do mainly come from and the main fields where they are employed. Moreover, it describes the shortage of nurses in the health sector in Italy. The country needs to train about 35,000 new health professionals a year, yet, its training capacity is limited especially for nurses. This shortage of nurses and other health professionals can jeopardize Italy’s ability to provide the health services its population needs. Within this context Ipasvi and Transcultural Italian nursing association adopted the Global Code of Practice (WHO) on the international recruitment of health personnel. Its objective is to ensure that the global demand for the recruitment of health personnel does not negatively affect countries with weak health systems. Hence, the ‘Manifesto for health workforce strengthening’ was born. It has been launched and signed by an Italian group of organisations active in Italy within the framework of health cooperation, public health and international migration.
Keywords: Forza lavoro sanitaria, infermieri stranieri, carenza, assunzione internazionale, bisogni della popolazione, Manifesto per il rafforzamento della forza lavoro sanitaria

  1. Aiken L.H., Clarke S.P., Sloane D.M., Sochalski J., Silber J.H. (2002). Hospital nurse staffing and patient mortality, nurse burnout and job dissadisfaction. Journal of the American Medical Association, 288: 1987-1993,, 10.1001/jama.288.16.1987DOI: 10.1001/jama.288.16.1987
  2. Aiken L.H., Buchan J., Sochalski J., Nichols B., Powell M. (2004). Trends in international nurse migration. Health Affairs, 21, 3: 69-77,, 10.1377/hlthaff.23.3.69DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.23.3.69
  3. Aiken L.H., Clarke S.P., Sloane D.M., Lake E.T., Cheney T. (2008). Effects of hospital care environment on patient mortality and nurse outcomes. Journal of Nursing Administration, 38: 223-229,, 10.1097/01.NNA.0000312773DOI: 10.1097/01.NNA.0000312773
  4. 42352.d7. Allyn L. et al. (2011). Stemming the brain drain - A WHO Global Code of Practice on International Recruitment of Health Personnel. New England Journal of Medicine, 365: 2348-2351,, 10.1056/NEJMp1108658DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp1108658
  5. Awases M., Gbary A., Chatora R. (2003). Migration of health professionals in six countries: A synthesis report. World Health Regional Office for Africa.
  6. Brush B., Sochalski J., Berger A. (2004). Imported care: recruiting foreign nurses to U.S. Health Care Facilities. Health Affairs, 23; 3: 78-87,, 10.1377/hlthaff.23.3.78DOI: 10.1377/hlthaff.23.3.78
  7. Buchan J. (2001). Nurse migration and international recruitment. Nursing Inquiry, 8, 4: 203-204,, 10.1046/j.1440-1800.2001.00112.xDOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1800.2001.00112.x
  8. D’Amour D., Ferrada-Videla M., San Martin Rodriguez L., Beaulieu M.D. (2005). The conceptual basis for interprofessional collaboration: core concepts and theoretical frameworks. Journal of Interprofrofessional Care, 19 (Supp. 1): 116-131,, 10.1080/13561820500082529DOI: 10.1080/13561820500082529
  9. Federazione Nazionale dei Collegi Ipasvi (2008). Iscritti stranieri agli albi Ipasvi 2008. Disponibile presso: www.ipasvi.it/archivio_news/pagine/96/Stranieri%202008.pdf.
  10. Federazione Nazionale dei Collegi Ipasvi (2009). The New Code of conduct for Italian nurses. Disponibile presso: www.ipasvi.it/static/english/the-new-codeof-conduct-for-italian-nurses.htm.
  11. Federazione Nazionale dei Collegi Ipasvi (2010) Analisi dei flussi 2010. Disponibile presso: www.ipasvi.tn.it/pdf/AnalisiFlussi.pdf.
  12. Fortunato E. (2012). Gli infermieri stranieri in Italia: quanti sono, da dove vengono e come sono distribuiti. L’infermiere (on-line). 1. disponibile presso: www.ipasvi.it/ecm/rivista-linfermiere/rivista-linfermiere-page-7.htm.
  13. Freidson E. (1970a). Profession of medicine. A study of the sociology of the applied knowledge. New York: Dodd Mead, trad. it. parziale di Vicarelli G., a cura di (2002). La dominanza medica, le basi sociali della malattia e delle istituzioni sanitarie. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  14. Freidson E. (1970b). Professional dominance. The social structure of medical care. New York: Atherton Press, trad. it. parziale di Vicarelli G., a cura di (2002). La dominanza medica, le basi sociali della malattia e delle istituzioni sanitarie. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  15. Freidson E. (2001). Professionalism. The third logic. Chicago: Polity Press – The University of Chicago Press.
  16. Giarelli G. (2003). Il malessere della medicina. Un confronto internazionale. Milano: FrancoAngeli.
  17. Haddad A. (2002). Ethics in action. RN, 65, 7: 25-26, 28.
  18. Hojat M., Gonnella J.S., Nasca T.J. et al. (2003). Comparisons of American, Israeli, Italian and Mexican physicians and nurses on the total and factor scores of the Jefferson scale of attitudes toward physician-nurse collaborative relationships.
  19. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 40: 427-435,, 10.1016/S0020-7489(02)00108-6DOI: 10.1016/S0020-7489(02)00108-6
  20. International Council of Nurses (2004). The global shortage of registered nurses: an overview of issues and actions. Geneva: International Council of Nurses.
  21. International Council of Nurses (2005). International migration of nurses: trends and policy implications. Geneva: International Council of Nurses.
  22. International Council of Nurses (2007a). Position statement: Nurse retention and migration. Geneva: International Council of Nurses. International Council of Nurses (2007b). Position statement: Ethical nurse recruitment. Geneva: International Council of Nurses.
  23. International Council of Nurses (2010). The impact of turnover and the benefit of stability in the nursing workforce. Geneva: International Council of Nurses.
  24. International Centre on Nurse Migration (2005). Return migration of nurses. Disponibile presso: www.intlnursemigration.org/assets/pdfs/ReturnmigrationA4.pdf.
  25. Kingma M. (2001). Nursing migration: Global treasure hunt or disaster-in-themaking? Nursing Inquiry, 8, 4: 205,, 10.1046/j.1440-1800.2001.00116.xDOI: 10.1046/j.1440-1800.2001.00116.x
  26. Kingma M. (2006). Nurses on the move: Migration and the global health care economy. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.
  27. Kingma M. (2008). Nurses on the Move: historical perspective and current issues. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 13, 2: 1,, 10.3912/OJIN.Vol13No02Man01DOI: 10.3912/OJIN.Vol13No02Man01
  28. Kramer M., Schmalenberg C.E. (2003). Magnet hospital nurses describe control over nursing practice. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 25: 434-452,, 10.1177/0193945903025004008DOI: 10.1177/0193945903025004008
  29. Olshanki S.F., Ault A.B (1986). The fourth of the epidemiological transition: the age of delayed degenerative transition. The Millbank Quarterly, 64: 509-538.
  30. Omran A.R. (1971). The epidemiological transition: a theory of the epidemiology of population change. The Millbank Quarterly, 49: 355-391.
  31. Sermeus W., Aiken LH., Van den Heede K., Rafferty AM., Peter Griffiths P., Moreno-Casbas MT., Busse R., Lindqvist R., Scott AP., Bruyneel L., Brzostek
  32. T., Kinnunen J., Schubert M., Schoonhoven L., Zikos D. (2011). Nurse forecasting in Europe (RN4CAST): Rationale, design and methodology. BMC Nursing., 10.1186/1472-6955-10-6DOI: 10.1186/1472-6955-10-6
  33. Sili A., Vellone E., Fida R., Alvaro R., Avallone F. (2010). Operating theatre and medical ward nurses: two different ways of perceiving one’s organizational health. La Medicina del Lavoro, 101, 6: 458-470.
  34. Sili A., Fida R., Vellone E., Gianlorenzi A., Alvaro R.. (2011). Organizational health and quality of life: survey among ambulance nurses in prehospital emergency care. La Medicina del Lavoro, 102, 6: 511-522.
  35. Stievano A., De Marinis M.G., Rocco G., Russo M.T., Alvaro R. (2012). Professional dignity in nursing in clinical and community workplaces. Nursing Ethics, 19, 3: 341-356,, 10.1177/0969733011414966DOI: 10.1177/0969733011414966
  36. Tousijn W. (2000). Il sistema delle occupazioni sanitarie. Bologna: il Mulino.
  37. WHO (2006). The World Health Report - Working together for health. Geneva, available at: www.who.int/whr/2006/en.
  38. WHO (2010). WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel. Geneva, available at: www.who.int/hrh/migration/code/code_en.pdf.

Gennaro Rocco, Alessandro Stievano, in "SALUTE E SOCIETÀ" 3/2013, pp. 19-32, DOI:10.3280/SES2013-003003

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content