Clicca qui per scaricare

Contributo alla validazione italiana delle versioni breve e molto breve del physical self inventory (psi) per adolescenti
Titolo Rivista: RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA  
Autori/Curatori: L. Francesca Scalas, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Christophe Maiano, Daniela Fadda 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: 3  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  24 P. 385-408 Dimensione file:  299 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIP2013-003001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Il presente studio rappresenta un contributo alla validazione italiana delle versioni breve e molto breve del Physical Self Inventory (PSI) per adolescenti. Le due versioni del Physical Self Inventory sono state valutate positivamente nella letteratura internazionale anche se sono state utilizzate per lo piu in campioni di lingua francese. Un ampio campione di adolescenti italiani ha preso parte allo studio (N = 1121; 52% femmine). I risultati dell’analisi fattoriale confermativa sono per lo piu in linea con quelli trovati in adolescenti francesi. I test di invarianza confermano l’equivalenza della struttura fattoriale per genere cosi come per pratica sportiva; tuttavia le medie latenti sono risultate significativamente piu elevate nei maschi e negli sportivi. L’attendibilita delle scale e generalmente buona con l’eccezione della scala per l’aspetto fisico. In breve, il Physical Self Inventory nelle sue due versioni (breve e molto breve) rappresenta una buona alternativa agli strumenti esistenti per lo studio del se fisico in adolescenza; infatti, esso e caratterizzato da facilita e brevita di somministrazione cosi come proprieta psicometriche adeguate, sebbene migliorabili.


Keywords: Physical Self-Inventory, validazione italiana, analisi fattoriale confermativa, invarianza per genere, invarianza per pratica sportiva, adolescenza.

  1. Anastasi, A. (1982). Psychological testing (5th ed.). New York, NY: Macmillan.
  2. Atzienga, F.L., Balaguer, I., Moreno, Y., & Fox, K.R. (2004). El perfil de autopercepcion fisica: propiedades psicometricas de la version espanola y analisis de la estructura jerarquica de las autopercepciones fisicas [Il profilo di autopercezione fisica: proprieta psicometriche della versione spagnola e analisi della struttura gerarchica delle auto-percezioni fisiche]. Psicothema, 16, 461-467.
  3. Bachis, M.P., Pisano, V., & Guicciardi, M. (2003). Esercizio fisico e salute nei diabetici di tipo 2. Una ricerca empirica sui costrutti di autoefficacia e concetto di Se fisico. In M. Guicciardi (Ed.), Psicologia e sport. Metodi e tecniche di ricerca. (pp. 247-272). Milano: Guerini.
  4. Bagozzi, R.P. (1993). Assessing construct validity in personality research: Applications to measures of self-esteem. Journal of Research in Personality, 27, 49-87., DOI: 10.1006/jrpe.1993.1005
  5. Beauducel, A., & Herzberg, P.Y. (2006). On the performance of maximum likelihood versus means and variance adjusted weighted least squares estimation in CFA. Structural Equation Modeling, 13, 186-203., DOI: 10.1207/s15328007-sem1302_2
  6. Biddle, S., Page, A., Ashford, B., Jennings, D., Brooke, R., & Fox, K. (1993). Assessment of children’s physical self-perceptions. International Journal of Adolescence & Youth, 4, 93-109., DOI: 10.1080/02673843.1993.9747728
  7. Bollen, K.A. (1989). Structural equations with latent variables. New York, NY: Wiley.
  8. Bowker, A. (2006). The relationship between sports participation and self-esteem during early adolescence. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 38, 214-229., DOI: 10.1037/cjbs2006009
  9. Burgess, G., Grogan, S., & Burwitz, L. (2006). Effects of a 6-week aerobic dance intervention on body image and physical self-perceptions in adolescent girls. Body Image, 3, 57-67., DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2005.10.005
  10. Byrne, B.M. (2004). Testing for multigroup invariance using AMOS graphics: A road less traveled. Structural Equation Modeling, 11, 272-300., DOI: 10.1207/s15328007sem1102_8
  11. Caprara, G.V., & Fonzi, A. (2000). L’età sospesa. Firenze: Giunti.
  12. Chen, F.F. (2007). Sensitivity of goodness of fit indexes to lack of measurement. Structural Equation Modeling, 14, 464-504., DOI: 10.1080/10705510701301834
  13. Cheung, G.W., & Rensvold, R.B. (2002). Evaluating goodness-of-fit indexes for testing measurement invariance. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 233-255., DOI: 10.1207/S15328007SEM0902_5
  14. Cicchetti, D., & Rogosch, F.A. (2002). A developmental psychopathology perspective on adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 6-20., DOI: 10.1037//0022-006X.70.1.6
  15. Coleman, J.C. (1980). The nature of adolescence. London: Methuen.
  16. Corbetta, P. (1992). Metodi di analisi multivariata per le scienze sociali. Bologna: il Mulino.
  17. Corwyn, R.F. (2000). The factor structure of global self-esteem among adolescents and adults. Journal of Research in Personality, 34, 357-379., DOI: 10.1006/jrpe.2000.2291
  18. Di Stefano, C. (2002). The impact of categorization with confirmatory factor analysis. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 327-346., DOI: 10.1207/S15328007-SEM0903_2
  19. Dolan, C.V. (1994). Factor analysis of variables with 2, 3, 5 and 7 response categories: a comparison of categorical variable estimators using simulated data. British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology, 47, 309-326., DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8317.1994.tb01039.x
  20. Duncan, M.J., Al-Nakeeb, Y., & Nevill, A.M. (2009). Effects of a 6-week circuit training intervention on body esteem and body mass index in British primary school children. Body Image, 6(3), 216-220., DOI: 10.1016/j.bodyim.2009.04.003
  21. Eccles, J.S., Midgley, C., Buchanan, C.M., Wigfield, A., Reuman, D., & Mac Iver, D. (1993). Development during adolescence: the impact of stage/environment fit. American Psychologist, 48, 90-101., DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.48.2.90
  22. Eiser, C., Eiser, J.R., & Havermans, T. (1995). The measurement of self-esteem: practical and theoretical considerations. Personality & Individual Differences, 18, 429-432., DOI: 10.1016/0191-8869(94)00179-V
  23. Enders, C.K., & Bandalos, D.L. (2001). The relative performance of full information maximum likelihood estimation for missing data in structural equation models. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 8(3), 430-457., DOI: 10.1207/S15328007SEM0803_5
  24. Feingold, A., & Mazzella, R. (1998). Gender differences in body image are increasing. Psychological Science, 9, 190-195., DOI: 10.1111/1467-9280.00036
  25. Fonseca, A.M., & Fox, K.R. (2002). Como avaliar o modo como as pessoas se percebem fisicamente? Um olhar sobre a versao portuguesa do Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP) [Come valutare il modo con cui le persone si percepiscono fisicamente? Uno sguardo alla versione portoghese del Physical Self-Perception Profile (PSPP)]. Revista Portuguesa de Ciências do Desporto, 2, 11-23.
  26. Fox, K.R. (1990). The physical self-perception profile manual. Dekalb, IL: Northern Illinois University Office for Health Promotion.
  27. Fox, K.R., & Corbin, C.B. (1989). The physical self-perception profile: development and preliminary validation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 11, 408-430.
  28. Guaraldi, G.P., & Venuta, M. (1986). Riflettere sull’adolescenza. Milano: Unicopli.
  29. Grogan, S. (1999). Body image: Understanding body dissatisfaction in men, women and children. London: Routledge.
  30. Hagger, M.S., Ascı, F.H., & Lindwall, M. (2004). A cross-cultural evaluation of a multidimensional and hierarchical model of physical self-perceptions in three national samples. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 34, 1075-1107., DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.2004.tb02584.x
  31. Hagger, M.S., Biddle, S.J.H., & Wang, C.K.J. (2005). Physical self-concept in adolescence: generalizability of a multidimensional, hierarchical model across gender and grade. Educational & Psychological Measurement, 65, 297-322., DOI: 10.1177/0013164404272484
  32. Hattie, J., & Marsh, H.W. (1996). The relationship between research and teaching: a metaanalysis. Review of Educational Research, 6(4), 507-542., DOI: 10.3102/00346543066004507
  33. Haim, A. (1970). Les suicides d’adolescent. Paris: Payot.
  34. Harter, S. (1990). Identity and self development. In S. Feldman & G. Elliott (Eds.), At the threshold: The developing adolescent (pp. 352-387). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  35. Harter, S. (1993). Causes and consequences of low self-esteem in children and adolescents. In R.F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-esteem: The puzzle of low self-regard (pp. 87-116). New York: Plenum.
  36. Harter, S. (2012). The Construction of the Self: Developmental and Socio-cultural Foundations. New York: Guilford Press.
  37. Hu, L., & Bentler, P.M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6, 1-55., DOI: 10.1080/10705519909540118
  38. Lerner, R.M., & Galambos, N.L. (1998). Adolescent development: Challenges and opportunities for research, programs, and policies. Annual Review of Psychology, 49, 413-446., DOI: 10.1146/annurev.psych.49.1.413
  39. Lewin, K. (1939). Field theory and experiment in social psychology: concepts and methods. The American Journal of Sociology, 44(6), 868-889.
  40. Lindwall, M., Ascı, F.H., & Hagger, M.S. (2011). Factorial validity and measurement invariance of the revised physical self-perception profile (PSPP-R) in three countries. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 16, 115-128., DOI: 10.1080/13548506.2010.521567
  41. Little, T., Lindenberger, U., & Nesselroade, J.R. (1999). On selecting indicators for multi-variate measurement and modeling with latent variables. Psychological Methods, 4, 192-211., DOI: 10.1037/1082-989X.4.2.192
  42. Lutte, G. (1987). Psicologia degli adolescenti. Bologna: il Mulino.
  43. Maiano, C., Begarie, J., Morin, A.J.S., & Ninot, G. (2009). Assessment of Physical Self-Concept in Adolescents with intellectual disability: Content and Factor validity of the very short form of the Physical Self-Inventory. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 39(5), 775-787., DOI: 10.1007/s10803-008-0686-z
  44. Maiano, C., Morin, A.J.S., Begarie, J., & Ninot, G. (2011). The Intellectual Disability Version of the Very Short Form of the Physical Self-Inventory (PSI-VSID): Cross-Validation and Measurement Invariance across Gender, Weight, Age and Intellectual Disability Level. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32, 1652-1662., DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.02.019
  45. Maiano, C., Morin, A.J.S., Ninot, G., Monthuy-Blanc, J., Stephan, Y., Florent, J.-F., et al. (2008). A short and very short form of the physical self-inventory for adolescents: development and factor validity. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 9, 830-847., DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2007.10.003
  46. Malgarise, M., & Guicciardi, M. (2003). Diamo vita agli anni. Effetti della attività motoria sul concetto di Se fisico nelle donne anziane (in coll.). In Guicciardi M. (Ed.), Psicologia e sport. Metodi e tecniche di ricerca (pp. 221-246). Milano: Guerini.
  47. Markus, H. (1977). Self-schemata and processing information about the self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 35, 63-78., DOI: 10.1037//0022-3514.35.2.63
  48. Markus, H., Hamill, R., & Sentis, K.P. (1987). Thinking fat: Self-schemas and body weight and the processing of weight relevant information. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 17, 50-71., DOI: 10.1111/j.1559-1816.1987.tb00292.x
  49. Markus, H., & Wurf, E. (1987). The dynamic self-concept: A social psychological perspective. In M.R. Rosenzweig & L.W. Porter (Eds.), Annual Review of Psychology, 38, 299-337., DOI: 10.1146/annurev.ps.38.020187.001503
  50. Marsh, H.W. (1986). Global self esteem: Its relation to specific facets of self-concept and their importance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1224-1236., DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.51.6.1224
  51. Marsh, H.W. (1989). Age and sex effects in multiple dimensions of self-concept: Preadolescence to early-adulthood. Journal of Educational Psychology, 81, 417-430., DOI: 10.1037/0022-0663.81.3.417
  52. Marsh, H.W. (1993). The multidimensional structure of physical fitness: Invariance over gender and age. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 64, 256-273., DOI: 10.1080/02701367.1993.10608810
  53. Marsh, H.W. (1996). Positive and negative global self-esteem: A substantively meaningful distinction or artifacts? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 810-819., DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.70.4.810
  54. Marsh, H.W. (1998). Age and gender effects in physical self-concepts for adolescent elite athletes and nonathletes: a multicohort-multioccasion design. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 20, 237-259.
  55. Marsh, H.W., Ascı, F.H., & Marco, I.T. (2002). Multi-trait multi-method analyses of two physical self-concept instruments: A cross-cultural perspective. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 24, 99-119.
  56. Marsh, H.W., Balla, J.R., & McDonald, R.P. (1988). Goodness-of-fit indexes in confirmatory factor analysis: The effect of sample size. Psychological Bulletin, 103, 391-410., DOI: 10.1037/0033-2909.103.3.391
  57. Marsh, H.W., Balla, J.R., & Hau, K.T. (1996). An evaluation of incremental fit indices: a clarification of mathematical and empirical processes. In G.A. Marcoulides & R.E. Schumacker (Eds.), Advanced structural equation modeling techniques (pp. 315-353). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
  58. Marsh, H.W., Bar-Eli, M., Zach, S., & Richards, G.E. (2006). Construct validation of Hebrew versions of three physical self-concept measures: an extended multitraite-multimethod analysis. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 28, 310-343.
  59. Marsh, H.W., & Cheng, J.H.S. (2012). Measuring physical self-concept. In G. Tenenbaum, R. Eklund., & A. Kamata (Eds.), Handbook of measurement in sport and exercise psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics, in press.
  60. Marsh, H.W., & Hau, K.T. (1996). Assessing goodness of fit: Is parsimony always desirable? Journal of Experimental Education, 64, 364-390.
  61. Marsh, H.W., Hau, K.T., & Wen, Z. (2004). In search of golden rules: Comment on hypothesis testing approaches to setting cutoff values for fit indexes and dangers in overgeneralising Hu & Bentler’s (1999) findings. Structural Equation Modeling, 11, 320-341., DOI: 10.1207/s15328007sem1103_2
  62. Marsh, H.W., Hey, J., Roche, L.A., & Perry, C. (1997). Structure of physical selfconcept: Elite athletes and physical education students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(2), 369-380., DOI: 10.1037/0022-0663.89.2.369
  63. Marsh, H.W., Gerlach, E., Trautwein, U., Ludtke, U. Brettschneider, W-D. (2007). Longitudinal study of preadolescent sport self-concept and performance: Reciprocal effects and causal ordering. Child Development, 78, 1640-1656., DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8624.2007.01094.x
  64. Marsh, H.W., Richards, G.E., Johnson, S., Roche, L., & Tremayne, P. (1994). Physical self-description questionnaire: Psychometric properties and a multitrait-multimethod analysis of relations to existing instruments. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 16, 270-305.
  65. Marsh, H.W., Scalas, L.F., & Nagengast, B. (2010). Longitudinal tests of competing factor structures for the Rosenberg self-esteem scale: traits, ephemeral artifacts, and stable response styles. Psychological Assessment, 22, 366-381., DOI: 10.1037/a0019225
  66. Marsh, H.W., & Yeung, A.S. (1998). Top-down, bottom-up, and horizontal models: The direction of causality in multidimensional, hierarchical self-concept models. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 509-527., DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.75.2.509
  67. McDonald, R.P. (1970). Theoretical foundations of principal factor analysis, canonical factor analysis, and alpha factor analysis. British Journal of Mathematical & Statistical Psychology, 23, 1-21., DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8317.1970.tb00432.x
  68. Meleddu, M., & Scalas, L.F. (2003). La molteplicitá del sé. Disagio emotivo, vissuto corporea e adolescenza. Roma: Carocci.
  69. Meleddu, M., Scalas, L.F., & Guicciardi, M. (2002). Contributo alla validazione italiana del Physical Self-description Questionnaire. Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata, 237, 36-52.
  70. Meredith, W. (1993). Measurement invariance, factor analysis and factorial invariance. Psychometrika, 58, 525-543., DOI: 10.1007/BF02294825
  71. Millsap, R.E. (2011). Statistical approaches to measurement invariance. New York: Routledge.
  72. Morin, A.J.S., & Maiano, C. (2011a). Cross-validation of the short form of the physical self-inventory (PSI-S) using exploratory structural equation modeling. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 540-554., DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2011.04.003
  73. Morin, A.J.S., & Maiano, C. (2011b). Cross-validation of the very short form of the Physical Self-Inventory (PSI-VS): Invariance across genders, age groups, ethnicities and weight statuses. Body Image, 8(4), 404-410., DOI: 10.1016/j.-bodyim.2011.06.005
  74. Muthen, B.O., & Kaplan, D. (1985). A comparison of some methodologies for the factor analysis of non-normal Likert variables. British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology, 38, 171-189., DOI: 10.1111/j.2044-8317.1985.tb00832.x
  75. Muthen, L.K., & Muthen, B. (2008). Mplus user’s guide. Los Angeles CA: Muthen & Muthen.
  76. Neisser, U. (1993). The Perceived Self. London, Cambridge University Press.
  77. Ninot, G., Delignieres, D., & Fortes, M. (2000). L’evaluation de l’estime de soi dans le domaine corporel [La valutazione della stima di se nel dominio corporeo]. Sciences et Techniques des Activités Physiques et Sportives, 53, 35-48.
  78. O’Dea, J.A., & Caputi, P. (2001). Association between socioeconomic status, weight, age and gender, and the body image and weight control practices of 6-to 19-year-old children and adolescents. Health Education Research, 16, 521-532., DOI: 10.1093/her/16.5.521
  79. Page, A., Ashford, B., Fox, K., & Biddle, S. (1993). Evidence of cross-cultural validity for the physical self-perception profile. Personality & Individual Differences, 14, 585-590., DOI: 10.1016/0191-8869(93)90151-R
  80. Paikoff, R.L., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (1990). Physiological processes: What role do they play during the transition to adolescence? In R. Montemayor, G. Adams & T. Gullona (Eds.), Advances in adolescent development: From childhood to adolescence: A transitional period? (Vol. 2, pp. 63-8l). Beverly Hills, CA:
  81. Sage.
  82. Palmonari, A. (2011). Psicologia dell’adolescenza. Bologna: il Mulino.
  83. Paulhus, D.L. (1991). Measurement and control of response bias. In J.P. Robinson & P.R. Shaver (Eds.), Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes (pp. 17-59). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.
  84. Pliner, P., Chaiken, S., & Flett, G.L. (1990). Gender differences in concern with weight and physical appearance over the life span. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 16, 263-273., DOI: 10.1177/0146167290162007
  85. Rhemtulla, M., Brosseau-Liard, P., & Savalei, V. (2010). How many categories is enough to treat data as continuous? A comparison of robust continuous and categorical SEM estimation methods under a range of non-ideal situations. http://www2.psych.ubc.ca/wmijke/files/HowManyCategories.pdf.
  86. Scalas, L.F., & Marsh, H.W. (2008). A stronger latent-variable methodology to actual-ideal discrepancy. European Journal of Personality, 22, 629-654., DOI: 10.1002/per.694
  87. Scarpa, S., Gobbi, E., Paggiaro, A., & Carraro, A. (2010). Un contributo alla validazione italiana del Physical Self-Description Questionnaire Short. Giornale Italiano di Psicologia dello Sport, 8, 25-30.
  88. Shavelson, R.J., Hubner, J.J., & Stanton, G.C. (1976). Self-concept: Validation of construct interpretations. Review of Educational Research 46, 407-441., DOI: 10.3102/00346543046003407
  89. Sonstroem, R.J., Speliotis, E.D., & Fava, J.L. (1992). Perceived physical competence in adults: an examination of the physical self-perception profile. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 14, 207-221.
  90. Thompson, J.K. (Ed.) (2004). Handbook of eating disorders and obesity. New York: Wiley.
  91. Thornton, B., & Ryckman, M. (1991). Relationship between physical attractiveness, physical effectiveness, and self-esteem: A cross-sectional analysis among adolescents. Journal of Adolescence, 14, 85-98., DOI: 10.1016/0140-1971(91)90047-U
  92. Van de Vliet, P., Knapen, J., Onghena, P., Fox, K., Van Coppenolle, H., David, A., et al. (2002). Assessment of physical self-perceptions in normal Flemish adults versus depressed psychiatric patients. Personality & Individual Differences, 32, 855-863., DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8869(01)00091-5
  93. Vandenberg, R.J., & Lance, C.E. (2000). A review and synthesis of the measurement invariance literature: suggestions, practices, and recommendations for organizational research. Organizational Research Methods, 3, 4-70., DOI: 10.1177/109442810031002
  94. Wichstrom, L. (1995). Harter’s self-perceptions profile for adolescents: reliability, validity and evaluation of the question format. Journal of Personality Assessment, 65, 100-116., DOI: 10.1207/s15327752jpa6501_8
  95. Wylie, R.C. (1989). Measures of self-concept. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.



  1. F. Hülya Aşçi, Christophe Maïano, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Emine Çağlar, Naile Bilgili, Validity and reliability of the Very Short form of the Physical Self-Inventory among Turkish adolescents in Journal of Sports Sciences /2017 pp. 2060, DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2016.1255346

L. Francesca Scalas, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Christophe Maiano, Daniela Fadda, in "RICERCHE DI PSICOLOGIA " 3/2013, pp. 385-408, DOI:10.3280/RIP2013-003001

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche