Click here to download

On dreaming: between history, clinic experience and neurosciences
Journal Title: STUDI JUNGHIANI 
Author/s: Stefania Suriano 
Year:  2013 Issue: 37-38 Language: Italian 
Pages:  27 Pg. 53-79 FullText PDF:  788 KB
DOI:  10.3280/JUN2013-037004
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


The history of psychoanalysis is inextricably linked to the study of dream. In man’s history, dream connects opposites worlds: waking and sleep, unconscious and consciousness, reason and desire. Important in ancient time, dream was forgotten in the rationalistic West society in nineteenth century and then revalued by the psychoanalysis as a way to the unconscious, in according to a depth psychology which rejects idea that a rational consciousness is the only guide of behaviour. Freud translated the figurative language of the dream in the wakefulness language with the interpretation, a unidirectional idea of therapy, based on the progressive conquest of the id by the ego. Jung thought that the dream work is part of the natural need of a more broad and balanced conscience, as well as part of a process based on a continuous dialogue between conscious and unconscious, that can be represented as a cyclic spiral structure. In accordance with Freud, dream images are signs corresponding to concepts. With Jung is possible to say that dream images are symbols. Circumambulation and Amplification consent a dialogue between wake and dream states, in a mutual emotional relationship, making it possible to link potential disjoint self-states, without a voice, not heard, often outcome of traumatic, dissociative experiences. The clinic case describes the mutual construction process of the symbolic meaning of the dream. In Jungian theory and technique images are the focus of the work. The Jung’s insights of psychological functioning as internal perception of images representing the body’s processes, lead to the conclusion that a distinction (between the body and psyche) is an intellectual process undertaken in order to acquire knowledge the same event in two visuals. A very current idea, confirmed by neuroscience, so that in the twenty-first century medicine, imaginal healing is becoming a crucial rôle in a new approach to health, which is characterized by the narrative healing and dreams power.
Keywords: Dream, unconscious, image, circumambulate, amplification, neuroscience

  1. Achtemberg J., Dossey B., Kolkmeier L. (1994). Rituals of Healing: Using Imagery for Health and Wellness. New York: Bantam Books.
  2. Aristotele (2003). La divinazione durante il sonno. In: Repici L., a cura di, Aristotele, Il sonno e i sogni. Venezia: Marsilio.
  3. Aurigemma L. (1984). Sogno e visione nella prospettiva junghiana. In: Branca V., Ossola C., Resnik S., a cura di, I linguaggi del sogno. Firenze: Sansoni.
  4. Bromberg P.M. (2006). Awakening the Dreamer: Clinical Journeys. Hillsdale: The Analytic Press (trad. it.: Destare il Sognatore. Milano: R. Cortina, 2009).
  5. Castorina S. (2007). La Psicoanalisi laica. La lezione di Franco Fornari. Roma: Franco Angeli.
  6. Chittick W.C. (1989). The Sufi Path of Knowledge: Ibn al Arabi’s Metaphysics of Imagination. New York: State University of N. Y. Press.
  7. Damasio A. (2010). Self comes to Mind. London: Paperback (trad. it. Il Sé viene alla mente. Milano: Adelphi, 2012).
  8. De Luca Comandini F. (2002). Immaginazione attiva. Senso interno e valenze sociali dell’individualità psicologica. In: De Luca Comandini F., Mercurio R., a cura di, L’immaginazione attiva. Milano: Vivarium.
  9. Fonagy P., Gergely G., Jurist E.L., Target M. (2002). Affect regulation, Mentalization and the development of the Self. New York: Other Press (trad. it. Regolazione affettiva. Mentalizzazione
  10. e sviluppo del Sé. Milano: R. Cortina, 2005).
  11. Fordham M. (1974). Defences of the Self. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 19, 2: 20-44., DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-5922.1974.00192.
  12. Foulkes D. (1985). Dreaming: a cognitive psychological analysis. Hillsdale: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  13. Foulkes D. (1997). A contemporary neurobiology of dreaming?. Sleep Research Society Bulletin, 3. 1: 2-4.
  14. Freud S. (1899). Die Traumdeutung (trad. it. L’interpretazione dei sogni. In: Opere, vol. 3. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1985).
  15. Garufi B. (2009). Un esempio di funzione trascendente. In: Gasseau M., Bernardini R., a cura di, Il sogno dalla psicologia analitica allo psicodramma junghiano. Milano: Franco Angeli.
  16. Giacobbi S. (2013). Vecchiaia e morte nella società fetalizzata. La psicoterapia dell’anziano. Milano: Mimesis.
  17. Green A. (2002). Idées directrices pour une psychanalyse contemporaine. Paris: PUF (trad. it. Idee per una psicoanalisi contemporanea. Milano: R. Cortina, 2004).
  18. Hillman J. (1975). Loose Ends: Primary Papers in Archetipal Psychology. Woodstock: Spring Pubblications (trad. it. Trame perdute. Milano: R. Cortina, 1985).
  19. Hobson J.A., McCarley R.W. (1977). The brain as a dream state generator: an-activation synthesis hypothesisof the dream process. American Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 12: 5-27
  20. Hobson J.A. (1988). The Dreaming Brain. New York: Basic Books (trad. it. La macchina dei sogni. Firenze: Giunti, 1992). Hobson J.A., Edward F., Pace-Schott E.F., Stickgold R. (2000). Dreaming and the brain: Toward a cognitive neuroscience of conscious states. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 23: 793-842., DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00003976
  21. Hobson J.A., Wohl H. (2007). Dagli Angeli ai Neuroni. Fidenza: Mattioli 1885, 2007). Jacobi J. (1957). Komplex, Archetypus, Symbol in der Psychologie C.G. Jung. Zürich: Rascher
  22. (trad. it. Complesso Archetipo Simbolo nella Psicologia di C.G. Jung. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1971).
  23. Jouvet M. (1992). Le sommeil et le rêve. Paris: Odile Jacob (trad. it. Il sonno e i sogni. Parma: Guanda, 1993).
  24. Jung C.G. (1909). L’Analyse des rêves (trad. it. L’Analisi dei sogni. In: Opere, vol. 4. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1973).
  25. Jung C.G. (1916). The psychology of dreams (trad. it. Considerazioni sulla psicologia del sogno. In: Opere, vol. 8. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1976).
  26. Jung C.G. (1917). Űber die Psychologie des Unbewussten (trad. it. Psicologia dei processi inconsci. In: Opere, vol. 7. Torino: Boringhieri, 1983).
  27. Jung C.G. (1921). Psychologische Typen (trad. it Tipi Psicologici. In: Opere, vol. 6. Torino: Boringhieri, 1969).
  28. Jung C.G. (1924). Analytische Psychologie und Erzieung (trad. it. Psicologia analitica ed Educazione. In: Opere, vol. 17. Torino: Boringhieri, 1991).
  29. Jung C.G. (1926). Geist und Leben in Form und Sinn (trad. it. Spirito e vita. In: Opere, vol. 8. Torino: Boringhieri, 1976).
  30. Jung C.G. (1928). Die Beziehungen zwischen dem Ich dem Umbewussten (trad. it. Le relazioni tra l’Io e l’Inconscio. In: Opere, vo. 7. Torino: Boringhieri, 1976).
  31. Jung C.G. (1931). Die Praktishe Verwendbarkeit der Traumanalyse (trad. it. Realtà dell’anima. In: Opere, vol. 16. Torino: Boringhieri, 1981).
  32. Jung C.G. (1934). Űber die Archetypen des kollektiven Unbewussten (trad. it. Gli archetipi e l’inconscio collettivo. In: Opere, vol. 9, 1. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1980).
  33. Jung C.G. (1941). Zum psychologischen Aspekt der Korefigur (trad. it. Gli archetipi dell’inconscio collettivo. Aspetto psicologico della figura di Core. In: Opere, vol. 9, 1. Torino: Bollati Boringhieri, 1980).
  34. Jung C.G. (1942). Zur Psychologie der Trinitätsidee (trad. it. Saggio di interpretazione psicologica del dogma della Trinità. In: Opere, vol. 11. Torino: Boringhieri, 1979).
  35. Jung C.G. (1944). Psychologie und Alchemie (trad. it. Psicologia e Alchimia. In: Opere, vol. 2. Torino: Boringhieri, 1992).
  36. Jung C.G. (1945). Vom Wesen der Träume (trad. it. L’essenza dei sogni. In: Opere, vol. 8. Torino: Boringhieri, 1976).
  37. Jung C.G. (1961). Approaching the Unconscious (trad. it. Simboli e interpretazione dei sogni. In: Opere, vol. 15. Torino: Boringhieri, 1991).
  38. Kalshed D. (1996). The Inner World of Trauma. London, N.Y.: Routledge (trad. it. Il mondo interiore del trauma. Bergamo: Moretti e Vitali, 2001).
  39. Kandel E.R. (1999). Biology and the Future of Psychoanalysis: a new intellectual framework for psychiatry revisited. American Journal of Psychiatry, 156: 505-524.
  40. Kandel E.R. (2012). The Age of Insight. New York: Random House (trad. it. L’età dell’inconscio. Milano: R. Cortina, 2012).
  41. Mancia M. (2004). Il Sogno e la sua storia. Venezia: Marsilio.
  42. Moss R.(2009). The secret Hystory of dreaming. New York: New World Library (trad. it. Storia segreta dei sogni. Roma: Castelvecchi, 2012).
  43. Pert B.C. (1999). Molecules of Emotion: The Science behind Mind-Body Medicine. New York: Touchstone (trad. it. Molecole di emozioni. Milano: Tea, 2005). Schore A. (2003). Affect Regulation and the repair of the Self. London, New York: Norton (trad. it. La regolazione degli affetti e la riparazione del Sé. Roma: Astrolabio, 2008).
  44. Schwartz-Salant N., Stein M. (1990). Dreams in analysis. Wilmette: Chiron (trad. it I sogni in analisi. Roma: Ma.gi, 2005).
  45. Solms M. (1997). The Neuropsychology of Dreams: A Clinic-anatomical Study. Mahah: Erlbaum.
  46. Solms M. (2000) Dreaming and REM Sleep are Controlled by Different Brain Mechanisms. Behavioral And Brain Sciences, 23: 843-85., DOI: 10.1017/S0140525X00003988
  47. Solms M., Turnbull O. (2002). The Brain and the Inner World. London, New York: Karnak (trad. it. Il cervello e il mondo interno. Milano: R. Cortina, 2004).
  48. Twain M. (2010). Scienza cristiana. Firenze: Barbès.
  49. Watson J.S. (1994). Detection of self: The perfect algorithm. In: Parker S.T., Mitchell
  50. R.W., Boccia M.L., eds., Self-awareness in animals and humans: Developmental perspectives. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Stefania Suriano, On dreaming: between history, clinic experience and neurosciences in "STUDI JUNGHIANI" 37-38/2013, pp. 53-79, DOI:10.3280/JUN2013-037004

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content