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La relazione allenatore-atleta in adolescenza: implicazioni per il benessere percepito. Uno studio qualitativo
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Silvia Scotto di Luzio, Fortuna Procentese, Emma Guillet-Descas 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 50-72 Dimensione file:  785 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2014-001003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


I diversi contesti relazionali in cui si svolgono le attività sportive a livello agonistico e, in particolare, il comportamento e lo stile interpersonale dell’allenatore svolgono un ruolo fondamentale nel plasmare i potenziali effetti psicologici, emotivi e fisici (sia positivi che negativi) della partecipazione sportiva in adolescenza. Obiettivo del presente lavoro è stato esplorare il processo di costruzione e di sviluppo della relazione allenatore-atleta e le ripercussioni della qualità di tale relazione sul benessere personale percepito dai protagonisti. A tal fine, sono stati intervistati 50 atleti adolescenti e 21 allenatori, provenienti da società sportive campane. Le interviste, trascritte verbatim, sono state analizzate attraverso l’approccio della Grounded Theory. Dall’analisi sono emerse 13 categorie raggruppate in 3 macro aree concettuali: 1) Ruoli e compiti nella relazione allenatore-atleta. 2) La vittoria: punto di arrivo o punto di partenza? 3) L’evoluzione della relazione in rapporto ai sistemi di riferimento. La core category individuata è Benefici della relazione: dalla solitudine alla condivisione. Dalla lettura del fenomeno emergono due diversi stili interattivi che caratterizzano la relazione allenatore-atleta, che sono fortemente influenzati dal significato simbolico attribuito al concetto di vittoria e influiscono sulla percezione di benessere e di partecipazione. È stata inoltre individuata una dimensione di profonda solitudine, legata alla percezione di una difficoltà nel ritagliare uno spazio e un tempo dedicati alla riflessione e al dialogo rispetto alla natura della relazione stessa. Ciò rimanda alla necessità di teorizzare ed intervenire sulla percezione dei contesti relazionali in un’ottica di prevenzione del drop-out e di promozione del benessere.


Keywords: Relazione allenatore-atleta, benessere percepito, sport, adolescenza, Self determination Theory

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Silvia Scotto di Luzio, Fortuna Procentese, Emma Guillet-Descas, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 1/2014, pp. 50-72, DOI:10.3280/PDS2014-001003

   

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