In order to create a correct gender-sensitive risk assessment, hazards identification and exposure evaluation have to be led considering several inequalities related to gender differences. In this respect, authors put their attention to different occupational segregations (both horizontal and vertical) and to various hazards (injuries, chemical, physical, ergonomic, biological and psychosocial) to which female and male workers are submitted, to create a more realistic picture of all the risks which mostly affect safety and health at work. To generate a complete view of occupational risks, authors also consider the unequal domestic load distribution between male and female workers which takes the latters to be exposed to multiple hazards, both in domestic and working places. It also provides an overall picture of useful indications to a correct evaluation and to a proper risks management, to improve health and safety level of all workers.
Keywords: Gender differences, risk assessment, exposure, occupational risk, occupational segregation, workers