Clicca qui per scaricare

Experience Machines
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO  
Autori/Curatori: Ned Rossiter, Soenke Zehle 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 133 Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  22 P. 111-132 Dimensione file:  663 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2014-133008
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


In un’economia che vede il lavoro e la vita inseparabili dalle tecnologie informatiche, dalle loro metriche e dalle loro modalità di organizzazione, ciò che entra direttamente in gioco non è solo l’economia politica del networking online, ma la costituzione stessa della soggettività politica - l’autonomia degli affetti. Allo stesso modo in cui i nuovi concatenamenti algoritmici generano in tempo reale dati sulla base della nostra pratica comunicativa, l’organizzazione si confronta con una nuova risorsa che è sia sociale che tecnologica. Dobbiamo sviluppare i nostri dispositivi concettuali sul terreno degli algoritmi, che strutturano e al contempo sostengono le nostre pratiche comunicative. Modulazione, influenza, mediazione, costituzione, composizione, produzione di soggettività: sono questi i processi di design dell’esperienza che tentano di catturare ciò che l’esperienza è diventata. Prendendo l’esperienza dei network come punto di partenza per costruire una nuova visione della comunicazione in rete, basandola sul parallelismo tra l’agire umano e quello della macchinica e sui tentativi delle nuove forme di governance di negare l’inventiva che proviene dalla socialità relazionale, senza essere pessimisti, tentiamo di definire aspetti della relazione comunicativa, tra cui ad esempio l’esperienza. E nel momento in cui ci impegniamo in un lavoro di traduzione culturale - dal rapportarsi, per esempio, con i codici che guidano l’algoritmizzazione delle nostre pratiche comunicative, ai codici sociali che emergono attraverso le nuove cartografie della politica - possiamo trovarci su di un terreno diverso, pronti a reinventare le nostre relazioni con la politica.


Keywords: Algoritmo, governance, networking, politica, pratiche comunicative, tecnologia

  1. Balibar E. (2007), On Universalism: In Debate with Alain Badiou, transversal: on universalism 02, http://eipcp.net/transversal/0607/balibar/en.
  2. Batzoglou F., Ertel M. (2011), “Good Friends are there to Help”: Chinese Investors take Advantage of Greek Crisis, Spiegel, 16 November, www.spiegel.de/international/europe/0,1518,797751,00.html.
  3. Becker K., Stalder F. (2008), Deep Search: The Politics of Search Beyond Google, Innsbruck: Studien Verlag.
  4. Benkler Y. (2008), “For the First Time Since the Industrial Revolution”, in Katz R.N. (ed.), The Tower and The Cloud: Higher Education in the Age of Cloud Computing, Boulder, CO.: EduCause, www.educause.edu/thetowerandthecloud.
  5. Berardi F. (2011), After the Future, Oakland: AK Press.
  6. Berardi F. (2012), “Soul Work”, in Wiedemann C., Zehle S. (eds.), Depletion Design: A Glossary of Network Ecologies, Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures, http://depletiondesign.xmlab.org.
  7. Berry D.M. (2008), Copy, Rip, Burn: The Politics of Copyleft and Open Source, London: Pluto Press.
  8. Berry D.M. (2011), The Philosophy of Software: Code and Mediation in the Digital Age, New York: Palgrave Macmillan,, 10.1057/9780230306479DOI: 10.1057/9780230306479
  9. Brodt T.L. (2007), The Management of Experience Design, Dissertation, University of St. Gallen Graduate School of Business Administration, Economics, Law and Social Sciences (HSG).
  10. Buden B. (2006), Cultural Translation: Why it is Important and Where to Start with It?, transversal: under translation 06, http://eipcp.net/transversal/0606/buden/en.
  11. Buden B. (2007), Strategic Universalism: Dead Concept Walking On the Subalternity of Critique Today, transversal: under translation 02, http://eipcp.net/transversal/0607/buden/en. Casarino C.,Negri A. (2008), In Praise of the Common: A Conversation on Philosophy and Politics, Minneapolis: Minnesota University Press.
  12. Chopra S., Dexter S. (2007), Decoding Liberation: The Promise of Free and Open Source Software, New York: Routledge.
  13. Chun W.H.K. (2011), Programmed Visions: Software and Memory, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  14. Crouch C. (2011), The Strange Non-Death of Neo-Liberalism, London: Polity Press.
  15. DeLanda M. (2006), A New Philosophy of Society: Assemblage Theory and Social Complexity, New York: Continuum.
  16. DeLanda M. (2011), Philosophy and Simulation: The Emergence of Synthetic Reason, New York: Continuum.
  17. Deseriis M., Dean J. (2012), ‘A Movement Without Demands?’, Possible Futures, 1 March, www.possible-futures.org/2012/01/03/a-movement-without-demands.
  18. Feller J., Fitzgerald B., Hissam S.A., Lakhani K.L. (eds.) (2005), Perspectives on Free and Open Software, Cambridge, London: MIT Press.
  19. Foucault M. (1972), On Popular Justice: A Discussion with Maoists, in Power/Knowledge: Selected Interviews and Other Writings, 1972-1977, trans. Gordon C., Marshall L., Mepham J., Soper K., New York: Pantheon Books, pp. 1-36.
  20. Fuller M. (ed.) (2008), Software Studies: A Lexicon, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press,, 10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.001.0001DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262062749.001.0001
  21. Fuller M., Goffey A. (2012), Evil Media, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  22. Galloway A.R. (2006), Gaming: Essays on Algorithmic Culture, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  23. Gelernter D. (2001), Streams, EDGE, 12 February, www.edge.org/conversation/streams.
  24. Gladwell M. (2010), Small Changes: Why the Revolution Will Not be Tweeted, New Yorker, 24 October, www.newyorker.com/reporting/2010/10/04/101004fa_fact_gladwell.
  25. Graeber D. (2011), Debt: The First 5,000 Years, London: Melville House Publishing.
  26. Hardt M. (2009) The Politics of the Common, ZNet, www.zmag.org/znet/viewArticle/21899.
  27. Hardt M., Negri A. (2000), Empire, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  28. Hardt M., Negri A. (2011), The Fight for “Real Democracy” at the Heart of Occupy Wall Street: The Encampment in Lower Manhattan Speaks to a Failure of Representation, Foreign Affairs, 11 October, www.foreignaffairs.com.
  29. Hayles N.K. (2012), How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis, Chicago: University of Chicago Press,, 10.7208/chicago/9780226321370.001.0001DOI: 10.7208/chicago/9780226321370.001.0001
  30. Jeffries F. (2011), “Communication Commoning Amidst the New Enclosures: Reappropriating Infrastructures”, Journal of Communication Inquiry, 35, 4, pp. 349-355,, 10.1177/0196859911416502DOI: 10.1177/0196859911416502
  31. Kelty C. (2008), Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software, Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
  32. Kluitenberg E. (2011), Legacies of Tactical Media, Network Notebooks 05, Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures, Amsterdam, http://networkcultures.org/_uploads/NN5_EricKluitenberg.pdf. LaFrance D., Nathan L, (2012), Revolutionaries Will Not Be Friended: “Owning” Activism through Social Networking, iConference 2012, 7-10 February, Toronto, Canada.
  33. Latour B. (2010), “An Attempt at a ‘Compositionist Manifesto’”, New Literary History, 41, pp. 471-490, 484, http://blogs.sciences-po.fr/speap/files/2011/08/manifesto_speap.pdf.
  34. Lazzarato M. (2012), The Making of Indebted Man: An Essay on the Neoliberal Condition, trans. Jordan J.D., Los Angeles: Semiotext(e).
  35. Lim L. (2011), In Greek Port, Storm Brews Over Chinese-Run Labor, NPR, 8 June, www.npr.org/2011/06/08/137035251/in-greek-port-storm-brews-over-chinese-run-labor.
  36. LiPuma E., Lee B. (2004), Financial Derivatives and the Globalization of Risk, Durham: Duke University Press.
  37. Marazzi C. (2008), Capital and Language: From the New Economy to the War Economy, trans. Conti G., New York: Semiotext(e).
  38. Martin R. (2007), An Empire of Indifference: American War and the Financial Logic of Risk Management, Durham: Duke University Press.
  39. Mason P. (2012), Why It’s Kicking Off Everywhere: The New Global Revolutions, New York: Verso.
  40. Mayer-Schoenberger V., Cukier K. (2013), Big Data: A Revolution That Will Transform How We Live, Work and Think, London: Hodder & Stoughton.
  41. Mezzadra S. (2007), Living in Transition: Toward a Heterolingual Theory of the Multitude, http://roundtable.kein.org/node/653.
  42. Munster M. (2013), An Aesthesia of Networks: Conjunctive Experience in Art and Technology, Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.
  43. Neilson B., Rossiter N. (2008), “Precarity as a Political Concept, or, Fordism as Exception”, Theory, Culture & Society, 25, 7-8, pp. 55-66,, 10.1177/0263276408097796DOI: 10.1177/0263276408097796
  44. Ross A. (2012), “Democracy and Debt”, in Beltrán C., Bauer A.J., Jaleel R., Ross A. (eds.), Is this What Democracy Looks Like?, http://what-democracy-lookslike. com/democracy-and-debt.
  45. Sakai S. (1997), Translation and Subjectivity: On “Japan” and Cultural Nationalism, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
  46. Shaxson N. (2012), Treasure Islands: Uncovering the Damage of Offshore Banking and Tax Havens, London: Palgrave MacMillan.
  47. Shayon S. (2011), Facebook Unveils Timeline for “Friction-less” Serendipity, Brand Channel, 22 September, www.brandchannel.com/home/post/2011/09/22/Facebook-f8-Timeline-Announcement.aspx.
  48. Shepard M. (ed.) (2011), Sentient City: Ubiquitous Computing, Architecture, and the Future of Urban Space, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
  49. Solomon J. (2011), The Trans/National Study of Culture and The Institutions of Human Speciation, Construction des savoirs en mondialisation. Changements de paradigmes cognitifs: Une révolution épistémologique?, Colloque coorganisé par le Collège international de philosophie (www.ciph.org), la revue Transeuropéennes (www.transeuropeennes.eu), Paris, 7-8 November.
  50. Spivak G.C. (2001), “Questioned on Translation”, Adrift, Public Culture, 13, 1, pp. 13-22,, 10.1215/08992363-13-1-13StengersI.,MassumiB.,ManningE.(2008),HistorythroughtheMiddle:BetweenMacroandMesopolitics.InterviewwithIsabelleStengers,Inflexions,3,www.senselab.ca/inflexions/volume_3/node_i3/stengers_en_inflexions_vol03.htmlDOI: 10.1215/08992363-13-1-13StengersI.,MassumiB.,ManningE.(2008),HistorythroughtheMiddle:BetweenMacroandMesopolitics.InterviewwithIsabelleStengers,Inflexions,3,www.senselab.ca/inflexions/volume_3/node_i3/stengers_en_inflexions_vol03.html
  51. Virno P. (2009), “Natural-Historical Diagrams: The ‘New Global’ Movement and the Biological Invariant”, in Chiesa L., Toscano A. (eds.), The Italian Difference: Between Nihilism and Biopolitics, Melbourne: Re.Press, pp. 131-147, 142.
  52. Wallace B. (2012), The Rise and Fall of Bitcoin: Inside the Virtual Currency you can Actually Spend, Wired, January, www.wired.co.uk/magazine/archive/2012/01/features/the-rise-and-fall-of-bitcoin.
  53. Warner M. (2002), Publics and Counterpublics, New York: Zone.
  54. WEF (2012), Big Data, Big Impact: New Possibilities for International Development, Davos: World Economic Forum, 3, www.weforum.org/reports/big-data-big-impact-new-possibilities-international-development.
  55. Zehle A. (2012), “The Autonomy of Gesture: Of Lifestream Logistics and Playful Profanations”, Distinktion: Scandinavian Journal of Critical Theory, 13, 3, pp.
  56. 341-354,, 10.1080/1600910x.2012.728143DOI: 10.1080/1600910x.2012.728143
  57. Zehle S., Rossiter N. (2009), “Organizing Networks: Notes on Collaborative Constitution, Translation and the Work of Organization”, Cultural Politics, 5, 2, pp. 237-264,, 10.2752/175174309x428234DOI: 10.2752/175174309x428234
  58. Zittrain J. (2008), The Future of the Internet – And How to Stop It, New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Ned Rossiter, Soenke Zehle, in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 133/2014, pp. 111-132, DOI:10.3280/SL2014-133008

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche