Clicca qui per scaricare

La valutazione e i suoi effetti sull’università: una comparazione fra Italia e Francia
Titolo Rivista: RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione 
Autori/Curatori: Emanuela Reale, Giulio Marini 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2013 Fascicolo: 55 Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 151-170 Dimensione file:  602 KB
DOI:  10.3280/RIV2013-055009
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


The paper presents the results of a comparative study on four universities in France and in Italy, which investigates how evaluation helps to strengthen the university as autonomous and professional organization, able to formulating strategies and/or tactics of adaptation in relation to regulatory changes and context, overcoming the traditional loosely coupled feature. The hypothesis is that the academic organizations show different effects of resilience, linked to intended and unintended changes.


Keywords: Research evaluation, university, organization, resilience, isomorphism

  1. Bleiklie I., Kogan M. (2007), “Organization and Governance of Universities”, Higher Education Policy, 20.
  2. Clark, B. (1977). Academic power in Italy. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. CHEPS, NIFU STEP, INCHER (2010), Progress in Higher Education Reform in Europe. Governance Reform, Available at: http://www.utwente.nl/mb/cheps/publications/Publications%202010/Governance%20Reform/GOV%20vol%201%20Main%20.report.pdf.
  3. Di Maggio P.J., Powell W.W. (1983), “The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields”, American Sociological Review, 48, 147-160.
  4. Glaser J. (2007), “The social Orders of Research Evaluation Systems”, in Whitley R., Gläser J., (ed.), The changing governance of the sciences: the advent of research evaluation, Dordrect, Springer, pp. 245-266.
  5. Hallinger P. (2010), “Using faculty evaluation to improve teaching quality: A longitudinal case study of higher education in Southeast Asia”, Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 22, 4, 253-274.
  6. Hansson F. (2006), “Organizational use of evaluation”, Evaluation, 12, 2, 159-178.
  7. Holling C.S. (2001), “Understanding the complexity of economic, ecological and social systems”, Ecosystems, 4, 390-405.
  8. Lascoumes P., Le Gales P. (2004), Gouverner par les instruments, Press de la Fondation Nationale des Sciences Politiques, Paris.
  9. Jongbloed B. (2007), “On Governance, accountability and the evaluative State”, in Enders J., van Vught F. (eds), Towards a cartography of higher education policy change, CHEPS, Enschede, 132-138.
  10. Martin B.R. (2003), “The changing social contract for science and the evolution of the university”, in Geuna A., Salter A.J. Steinmueller W.E. (eds), Science and innovation. Rethinking the rationales for funding and governance, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.
  11. Meyer J.W., Rowan B. (1977), “Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony”, American Journal of Sociology, 83: 340-363.
  12. Musselin C. (2007), “Are universities specific organisations?”, in Krucken G., Kosmutzky A., Torka M. (eds.), Towards a Multiversity? Universities between global trends and national traditions, Bielefeld, Transcript Verlag, 63-84.
  13. Neave G. (1998), “The Evaluative State reconsidered”, European Journal of Education, 33, 3: 265-284.
  14. Paradise C., Reale E., Bleiklie I., Ferlie E. (eds. 2009), University Governance: Western European Comparative Perspectives, Dordrecht, Springer. Reale E., Seeber M. (2011), “Organization response to institutional pressure in Higher Education: the important role of the disciplines”, Higher Education, 1, 61, 1-22.
  15. Reale E., Seeber M. (2013), “Instruments as empirical evidence for the analysis of Higher Education policies”, Higher Education, 65, 135-151.
  16. Turri M. (2011), Università in transizione. Governance, struttura economica e valutazione, Guerini e Associati, Milano.
  17. Weick K. (1976), “Educational organizations as loosely coupled systems”, Administrative Science Quarterly, 21: 1-9.
  18. Whitley R. (2008), Constructing Universities as Strategic Actors: Limitations and Variations, MBS, WP 557.

Emanuela Reale, Giulio Marini, in "RIV Rassegna Italiana di Valutazione" 55/2013, pp. 151-170, DOI:10.3280/RIV2013-055009

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche