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Realismo e obbiettivismo: Alexius Meinong
Author/s:  Jocelyn Benoist 
Year:  2014 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  18 Pg. 317-334 FullText PDF:  549 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2014-002010
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Meinong has become a central reference point in the contemporary revival of realism. However, prima facie, it might seem paradoxical to call him a realist since he explicitly wanted to do away with any kind of "bias in favor of reality". It is therefore worth asking in which sense the Theory of Object, as far as it resolutely goes beyond reality, can be characterized as essentially realist. As a Brentanist the Austrian philosopher endorsed a strong realism with regard to empirical reality; in his view, this is the proper object of metaphysics. However, it seems more difficult to make sense of his realism in respect of those objects that are not real - and, as a matter of fact, of every kind of object - which he calls ‘objectivism’. This paper investigates the real meaning of such ‘objectivism’ and sees in that stance, beyond its superficial (neo- )Kantian features, an anti-Copernican revolution in philosophy that proclaims the unconditional precedence of the object over thought. Reading Meinong thus helps us to understand better what realism is.
Keywords: Meinong, realism, object, metaphysics, theory of object

  1. - Brentano 1924: Franz Brentano, Psychologie vom empirischen Standpunkt, Meiner, Hamburg 1924, vol. I. - Brentano 1997: Id., La psicologia dal punto di vista empirico, a cura di Liliana Albertazzi, Laterza, Roma –Bari 1997, vol. I.
  2. - Kant 2004: Immanuel Kant, Critica della ragion pura, a cura di Costantino Esposito, Bompiani, Milano 2004.
  3. - Meinong 1968: Alexius von Meinong, Abhandlungen zur Werttheorie, in Gesamtausgabe, vol. III, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 1968.
  4. - Meinong 1971: Id., Über Gegenstandstheorie, in Gesamtausgabe, vol. II, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 1971.
  5. - Meinong 1971b: Id., Über Gegenstände höherer Ordnung, in Gesamtausgabe, vol. II, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 1971.
  6. - Meinong 1978: Id., Selbstdarstellung, in Gesamtausgabe, vol. VII, Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt, Graz 1978.
  7. - Meinong 2002: Id., Teoria dell’oggetto (ed altri testi), a cura di Venanzio Raspa, Edizioni Parnaso, Trieste 2002.
  8. - Rollinger 1999: Robin D. Rollinger, Husserl’s Position in the School of Brentano, Kluwer, Dordrecht 1999.

Jocelyn Benoist, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 2/2014, pp. 317-334, DOI:10.3280/SF2014-002010


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