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Population ageing in Hollow Villages: a perspective from urban rural restructuring in China
Journal Title: TERRITORIO 
Author/s: Cui Liu 
Year:  2014 Issue: 69 Language: Italian 
Pages:  9 Pg. 134-142 FullText PDF:  296 KB
DOI:  10.3280/TR2014-069019
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In Cina, negli ultimi anni, le politiche di pianificazione familiare e l’aumento delle aspettative di vita hanno causato la diminuzione della fertilità e l’invecchiamento della popolazione. Si è imposta una netta differenza tra aree rurali e urbane: nelle prime l’invecchiamento e il problema degli anziani sono di gran lunga superiori a quanto si verifica nelle seconde. La popolazione rurale è quindi debole come il ‘cavo di un albero’, tanto che il fenomeno è denominato ‘Villaggio Cavo’ (Hollow Village). I ‘Villaggi Cavi’ sono caratterizzati da una rapida trasformazione demografica e da un’intensa riorganizzazione socio-economica. Data la difficile situazione dell’assistenza medica nella Cina rurale, le politiche di supporto agli anziani dovrebbero creare più welfare, mantenendo il sostegno familiare e perseguendo il più generale obiettivo della coesione urbano-rurale
Keywords: Invecchiamento della popolazione; Hollow Villages; ristrutturazione urbana-rurale

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Cui Liu, in "TERRITORIO" 69/2014, pp. 134-142, DOI:10.3280/TR2014-069019

   

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