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Critical perspectives on diversity: state of the art and promising avenues for future research
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO  
Autori/Curatori: Patrizia Zanoni 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 134 Lingua: Inglese 
Numero pagine:  15 P. 189-203 Dimensione file:  111 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SL2014-134012
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This paper makes a state of the art of the international critically oriented scientific research on diversity, a concept that has increasingly come to refer to sociodemographic identities including, among others, gender, ethnicity, age, sexual orientation, and disability in work settings. While theoretically multifarious, critical approaches to diversity share a focus on the interlocking of socio-demographic identities with power dynamics. Such focus distinguishes them markedly from mainstream approaches aiming at understanding the dynamics of diversity in order to deploy it optimally to achieve organizational goals. After a brief discussion of the specificity of the notion of diversity, the author elaborates on the key theoretical tenets of critical perspectives on diversity and themes that are foundational of this tradition of research. She then identifies four avenues for future critically oriented diversity research starting from the main current debates in the field.

L’articolo presenta lo stato dell’arte della ricerca internazionale di taglio critico sulla diversità. Questo concetto è oggi ampiamente utilizzato per denominare collettivamente le identità sociodemografiche quali il genere, l’etnia, l’età, orientamento sessuale e l’handicap nei luoghi di lavoro. Nonostante gli approcci critici alla diversità abbiano le loro radici in varie tradizioni teoriche, ciò che li accomuna è un interesse per il nesso tra le identità sociodemografiche e le dinamiche di potere. Tale interesse li distingue marcatamente dagli approcci manageriali che sono piuttosto volti a capire le dinamiche della diversità allo scopo di utilizzarla in modo ottimale per il raggiungimento degli obiettivi dell’organizzazione. Dopo aver brevemente discusso la specificità della nozione di diversità, l’autrice delinea i fondamenti teorici principali del filone critico della ricerca su questo tema. Successivamente vengono identificate quattro piste di ricerca ad orientamento critico a partire dai principali aspetti del dibattito odierno. Parole chiave: diversità, diversity management, teoria critica, potere, disuguaglianza, post-strutturalismo
Keywords: Diversity, diversity management, critical theory, power, inequality, post-structuralism

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Patrizia Zanoni, Gli approcci critici alla diversità: stato dell’arte e sentieri promettenti per la ricerca futura in "SOCIOLOGIA DEL LAVORO " 134/2014, pp. 189-203, DOI:10.3280/SL2014-134012

   

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