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Un’applicazione del Mental Health Continuum di Keyes al contesto italiano: benessere e malessere in giovani, adulti e anziani
Titolo Rivista: PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE 
Autori/Curatori: Giovanna Petrillo, Daniela Caso, Vincenza Capone 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  23 P. 159-181 Dimensione file:  156 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PDS2014-002010
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


Secondo il Mental Health Continuum (MHC) di Keyes le persone si collocano lungo un continuum che va da presenza (Flourishing) ad assenza di benessere (Languishing). Numerosi studi hanno identificato il posizionamento sul MHC di adulti e adolescenti (americani, africani, nord europei). L’obiettivo principale di questo studio è stato di verificare l’applicabilità del MHC nel contesto italiano e di indagare le relazioni tra Salute Mentale Positiva e Malessere Psicologico (Two Continua Model). Hanno partecipato alla ricerca 1.438 persone con un’età tra i 18 e gli 89 anni (M = 47.12 anni, DS = 19.9; suddivise per fasce d’età in giovani, adulti e anziani), equamente distribuite per genere. Ai partecipanti è stato somministrato un questionario self-report che comprendeva, oltre all’Italian Mental Health Continuum-Short Form, altre scale volte a rilevare le variabili psicosociali oggetto di studio. Dai risultati è emerso che il 31% dei partecipanti ha una salute mentale positiva (Flourishing), l’11% dei partecipanti non ha una salute mentale positiva (Languishing), la maggioranza (58%) possiede una moderata salute mentale. In linea con quanto suggerito dalla letteratura, i flourishing (e coloro che hanno una moderata salute mentale) presentano bassi livelli di malessere psicologico, non sono depressi e non denunciano disturbi psicofisici. Lo studio evidenzia anche differenze significative per genere e per età. Tali risultati comprovano l’applicabilità del Mental Health Continuum anche nel contesto italiano e forniscono elementi utili alla messa a punto di programmi di promozione della salute per quelle fasce della popolazione - donne, giovani e anziani - in cui la salute mentale è più compromessa.


Keywords: Mental Health Continuum, salute mentale positiva, malattia mentale, benessere, ciclo di vita.

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Giovanna Petrillo, Daniela Caso, Vincenza Capone, in "PSICOLOGIA DELLA SALUTE" 2/2014, pp. 159-181, DOI:10.3280/PDS2014-002010

   

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