Aim of this article is to present the history of San Camillo-Forlanini Hospital in Rome. It includes two of the most important and well-known hospitals in the capital: the San Camillo, where the almost of diseases are cared and the Carlo Forlanini hospital, primarily engaged in pulmonology. The article is divided in two part that treat separately the history and evolution of the two hospitals. They still today constitute one of the centers of the largest and most reputable care of the Lazio region and, generally, of the Italian context.
Keywords: Italian hospitals, S. Camillo-Forlanini hospital, history of public hospitals, public health