The article analyzes the issues and the effects of university reform debated during the last AIS ELO conference "The failures of regulation". In recent years, the attention of sociologists has shifted from the traditional topic of social stratification and welfare policy to the different models of university governance and the redefinition of its institutional relationships. The reforms of 2000s changed radically the structures of University, its governance system, the recruitment and training path, but the effects of that still remain uncertain and ambivalent. The option of most European universities for a strong control, a reduction of autonomy, the establishment of common standards for recruitment and evaluation, increasing programming obligations, accountability and transparency have met, not only in Italy, strong resistance and not even enthusiastic reception by economic actors. Only the process of implementation of the reform will determine long-term effects on preferences and interactions of all the actors involved.
Keywords: University reform, governance, evaluation, shareholders, stakeholders