According to the predominant line of interpretation in the critical literature, Petrarch’s decision to move in June 1353 to Milan, at that time under Visconti domination, should be seen as deriving from uncommon political foresight. His awareness of an irreversible crisis in municipal civilization is thought to have led him to engage under a highly "modern" regime in intellectual activity that was still interlaced with high civil ideals. The author, instead, believes that this decision was the most evident factor in a deeply-felt rethinking of his own intellectual activity, which began around 1348 and culminated in the works of his maturity. A deliberate contrast can be noted with the centuries-old traditional thinking in respect of the social nature of man and it would have a profound influence on Humanism, characterized by significant pressure in the direction of disengagement from any civil involvement.
Keywords: Petrarch, Aristotelianism, Civil Humanism, Seneca, Augustine