The article defines the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) as the integration of ethical principles in the strategic vision of the different organizations. In particular an organization can be defined socially responsible when the economical objectives are in a correct balance with the social values. The author outlines the social and cultural context of the CSR development, outlining the historical background both at national and international level. An analysis of the existing literature shows a relationship between the human resources management functions and the level of implementation of the CSR framework. The author presents different models of human resources management that are applicable to sustainable organizations, profit or no-profit, with the aim of identifying which of the components related to the management present a more direct and meaningful impact on the CSR. The preliminary results of this study show how learning and training, performance assessment and the relationship with key stakeholder represent the fundamental elements to elaborate and implement a sustainable model of CSR.
Keywords: Human resources management, corporate social responsibility, social values, stakeholders.