Clicca qui per scaricare

La competitività del mercato forense e l’efficienza giudiziaria
Autori/Curatori: Roberto Ippoliti 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: 2  Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  38 P. 53-90 Dimensione file:  938 KB
DOI:  10.3280/EP2014-002003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 

The judicial efficiency is one of the main goals of any democratic state. An efficient judicial system is crucial both from the economic and the social point of view since it constitutes one of the pillars of modern societies. This study aims at estimating the efficiency of the Italian judicial system of First Instance and the determinants of inefficiency. Specifically, it tests the hypothesis that the number of professionals in the market for legal services (i.e. lawyers) can affect positively the supply of justice and therefore the performance of courts. In other words, author studies the relation between the number of lawyers and the score of efficiency of these courts, assuming that the market competitiveness is able to improve the judicial performance. The confirmation of the proposed hypothesis could give a further impulse to the reform process of the legal profession, which has been started in the sixteenth legislature.

Keywords: Efficienza giudiziaria, giustizia civile, mercato forense, avvocati, competitivita, servizi legali.
Jel Code: J44, C44

  1. Banker Raijiv D., Charnes A. and Cooper W.W. (1984). Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis. Management Science, 30: 1078-1092.
  2. Buonanno P. and Galizzi M.M. (2010). Advocatus, et non Latro? Testing the Supplier-Induced-Demand Hypothesis for Italian Courts of Justice. Nota di Lavoro 52/2012. Milano: Fondazione ENI Enrico Mattei.
  3. Carmignani A. and Giacomelli S. (2010). Too Many Lawyers? Temi di discussion del Servizio Studi Banca d’Italia, 745.
  4. Castro Finocchiaro M.F. and Guccio C. (2012). Searching for the Source of Technical Inefficiency in Italian Judicial Districts: an Empirical Investigation. European Journal of Law and Economics., DOI: 10.1007/s10657-012-9329-0
  5. Chaparro P.F. and Jimenez S.J. (1996). An Assessment of the Efficiency of Spanish Courts Using DEA. Applied Economics, 28: 1391-1403.
  6. Charnes A., Cooper W.W. and Rhodes E. (1978). Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units. European Journal of Operational Research, 2: 429-444.
  7. Clemenz G., Gugler K. (2000). Macroeconomic Development and Civil Litigation, European Journal of Law and Economics, 9: 215-230.
  8. Coelli T., Rao Prasada D.S. and Battese G.E. (1998). An Introduction to Efficiency and Productivity Analysis. Noerwell: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  9. Daraio C. and Simar L. (2007). Advanced Robust and Nonparametric Methods in Efficiency Analysis: Methodology and Application. Berlin: Springer.
  10. Deyneli F. (2012). Analysis of Relationship Between Efficiency of Justice Services and Salaries of Judges with Two-stage DEA Method. European Journal of Law and Economics, 34: 477-493.
  11. Donnella D. (2009). Avvocati clandestini per la cassa. La Previdenza Forense, 2: 168-171.
  12. Fare R. and Grosskopf S. (1996). Intertemporal Production Frontiers: With Dynamic DEA. Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  13. Farrell M.J. (1957). The Measurement of Productive Efficiency. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 120: 253-290.
  14. Felli L., Tria G., Londono-Bedoya D. and Solferino N. (2007). The “Demand for Justice” in Italy: Civil Litigation and the Judicial System. In: Padovano F. and Ricciuti R. (Eds.), Italian Institutional Reforms. A Public Choice Perspective. New York: Springer: 155-177.
  15. Ginsburg T. and Hoetker G. (2006). The Unreluctant Litigant? An Empirical Analysis of Japan’s Turn to Litigation. Journal of Legal Studies, 35: 31-59.
  16. Hansenn F. (1999). The Effects of Judicial Institutions on Uncertainty and the Rate of Litigation: The Election versus Appointment of State Judges. Journal of Legal Studies, 28: 205-232.
  17. Ippoliti R. and Falavigna G. (2012). Efficiency of Medical Care Industry: Evidence from the Italian Regional System. European Journal of Operational Research, 217: 643-652., DOI: 10.1016/j.ejor.2011.10.010
  18. Ippoliti R. and Falavigna G. (2013). Subjects’ Decision Making Process: an Empirical Analysis on Patients’ Mobility Process and the Role of Pharmaceutical Clinical Research. International Review of Economics, 60: 319-342., DOI: 10.1007/s12232-012-0167-8
  19. Kittelsen S.A.C. and Forsund F.R. (1992). Efficiency Analysis of Norwegian District Courts. The Journal of Productivity Analysis, 3: 277-306.
  20. Lewicki R.J. and Bunker B.B. (1995). Trust in Relationship: a Model of Trust Development and Decline. In: Bunker B.B. and Ruben J.Z. (eds.). Conflict, cooperation, justice. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  21. Lewicki R.J. and Bunker B.B. (1996). Developing and Maintaining Trust in Work Relationships. In: Kramer R.M. and Tyler T.R. (eds.). Trust in Organisation: Frontiers of Theory and Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, 114-139.
  22. Lewin A.L., Morey R.C. and Cook T.C. (1982). Evaluating the Administrative Efficiency of Courts. Omega, 10: 401-411.
  23. Marchesi D. (2003). Litiganti, avvocati e magistrati: diritto ed economia del processo civile. Bologna: il Mulino.
  24. Marselli R. e Vannini M. (2004). L’Efficienza tecnica dei distretti di Corte di Appello italiani: aspetti metodologici, benchmarking e arretrato smaltibile. CRENOS Working Paper Nr. 2004_09.
  25. Pashigian B.P. (1977). The Market for Lawyers: The Determinants of the Demand for the Supply of Lawyers. Journal of Law and Economics, 20: 53-85.
  26. Posner R. (1997). Explaining the Variance in the Number of Tort Suits across U.S. States and between the United States and England. Journal of Legal Studies, 26: 477-489.
  27. Rotenberg K.J. (1991). Children’s Interpersonal Trust. Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer.
  28. Rotenberg K.J. (1994). Loneliness and Interpersonal Trust. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 13: 152-173.
  29. Rotenberg K.J. (2001). Trust Across the Life-Span. In: Smelser N.J. and Baltes P.B. (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioural Sciences, New York: Pergamon: 7866-7868.
  30. Schneider M.R. (2005). Judicial Career Incentives and Court Performance: an Empirical Study of the German Labour Courts of Appeal. European Journal of Law and Economics, 20: 127-144.
  31. Simar L. and Wilson P.W. (2007). Estimation and Inference in Two-stage, Semiparametric Models of Production Processes. Journal of Econometrics, 136: 321-364.
  32. Suits D.B. (1957). Use of dummy variables in regression equations. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 52(280): 548-551.
  33. Yates J., Creel Davis B. and Glick H. (2001). The Politics of Torts: Explaining Litigation Rates in the American States, State Politics and Policy Quarterly, 1: 127-143.
  34. Yates J., Tankersley H. and Brace P. (2009). Assessing the Impact of State Judicial Structures on Citizen Litigiousness, Political Research Quarterly, 63: 796-810.

  1. Eugenia Nissi, Massimiliano Giacalone, Carlo Cusatelli, The Efficiency of the Italian Judicial System: A Two Stage Data Envelopment Analysis Approach in Social Indicators Research /2019 pp. 395, DOI: 10.1007/s11205-018-1892-5
  2. Massimo Finocchiaro Castro, Calogero Guccio, Bottlenecks or Inefficiency? An Assessment of First Instance Italian Courts’ Performance in Review of Law & Economics /2015 pp. , DOI: 10.1515/rle-2015-0030
  3. Massimo Finocchiaro Castro, Calogero Guccio, Measuring Potential Efficiency Gains from Mergers of Italian First Instance Courts through Nonparametric Model in Public Finance Review /2018 pp. 83, DOI: 10.1177/1091142116652723
  4. R. Ippoliti, G. Tria, Efficiency of judicial systems: model definition and output estimation in Journal of Applied Economics /2020 pp. 385, DOI: 10.1080/15140326.2020.1776977
  5. Roberto Ippoliti, La riforma della geografia giudiziaria: efficienza tecnica e domanda di giustizia in ECONOMIA PUBBLICA 2/2016 pp. 91, DOI: 10.3280/EP2015-002003

Roberto Ippoliti, in "ECONOMIA PUBBLICA " 2/2014, pp. 53-90, DOI:10.3280/EP2014-002003


FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche