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Fichte’s final year
Titolo Rivista: RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA 
Autori/Curatori: Erich Fuchs 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2014 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  16 P. 585-600 Dimensione file:  89 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2014-004002
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Fichte, who always philosophized with a view to the practical and political spheres, reacted to the events of 1813 with an offer to the government to intervene in the course of events as a "speaker for the state". After this offer was rejected, he took up his pen to reflect on a political structure that would allow Germany - to be united sometime in the future - to become a kingdom of reason. The internal logic of this thought led him in his philosophical diaries back to the other goal of his life: to discover a final version of the ultimately binding ground of the system of reason, the Wissenschaftslehre. He was torn away from this endeavour by death.


Keywords: Johann Gottlieb Fichte, political reflections, education, Napoleon, Wissenschaftslehre, foundation, Absolute, God, Christianity, freedom

  1. - Arndt 1813: [Ernst Moritz Arndt:] Zwei Worte über die Entstehung und Bestimmung der Teutschen Legion. S.n., s.l. 1813.
  2. - Cesa 2012: Claudio Cesa, «Diarium I». Le Riflessioni politiche di J. G. Fichte nel 1813, in: «Giornale Critico della Filosofia Italiana», pp. 362-378.
  3. - Fichte 1845: Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s sämmtliche Werke, ed. Immanuel Hermann Fichte, 8 vols., Veit, Berlin 1845-1846. - Fichte I. H. 1862: Immanuel Hermann Fichte, Johann Gottlieb Fichte’s Leben und literarischer Briefwechsel, Brockhaus, Leipzig 1862.
  4. - Fichte 1962: Johann Gottlieb Fichte, Gesamtausgabe der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, ed. Reinhard Lauth, Hans Jacob, Hans Gliwitzky, Erich Fuchs, Peter K. Schneider, 42 vols., Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt, 1962-2012.
  5. - Fichte, Schelling 2012: Johann Gottlieb Fichte/Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling, The Philosophical Rupture between Fichte and Schelling: Selected Texts and Correspondence (1800-1802), eds. Vater & Wood, SUNY Press, Albany/N.Y 2012.
  6. - Flasch 2013: Kurt Flasch, Warum ich kein Christ bin, Beck, München 2013.
  7. - Fuchs 1978: Johann Gottlieb Fichte im Gespräch. Berichte der Zeitgenossen, ed. Erich Fuchs, 7 vols., Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 1978–2012.
  8. - Zöller 2013: Günter Zöller, Fichte lesen, Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt 2013.

Erich Fuchs, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 4/2014, pp. 585-600, DOI:10.3280/SF2014-004002

   

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