The paper presents a cross-time and cross-country comparison of precarious workers’ by contrasting the struggles against precarity in Italy and Greece before and after the financial and economic crisis. The article’s starting point is an examination of the changes that characterized the broader context in which precarious workers mobilizations developed in the past years. Then, the emphasis is put on the transformations characterizing the precarious workers’ mobilizations before and after the economic crisis in the two countries. Three relevant points emerge from the analysis presented in the paper which are further discussed in the conclusions: first, it is argued that the meaning the working place has for precarious workers and their struggles, is less and less relevant for the organization of mobilizations; second, several changes are to be noted, with regard to the repertoire of contention. The latter, especially after the financial and economic crisis, is now expanding beyond the contentious collective action; finally, the complexity of the meaning that traditional trade unionism, its concepts and practices, maintains for precarious workers, is brought forward.
Keywords: Precarious workers, mobilization, trade unions, Italy, Greece, economic crisis