Click here to download

Dr google says to my patients.. a new secure base, decentralized in psychotherapy 3.0
Author/s: Giulio D'Adamo 
Year:  2014 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  26 Pg. 145-170 FullText PDF:  189 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PSOB2014-003010
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 

The request of information on psychological discomfort is becoming very frequent, especially among youngsters and educated people. Some subjects who manifest shyness, shame, social anxiety or avoidant personality, can take advantage of the solitary use of the internet to search for information that otherwise would not be easily reachable in their social environment. Other patients instead use internet, the social networks and Apps to find a second opinion on their status or on their diagnosis; furthermore, many of them use the information retrieved during their sessions with their therapist. Others use on-line psychotherapy as a therapeutic channel. Google represents the opening door. A longitudinal research shows what today’s references to the Cognitive- Behavioral Therapy are (and were in 2007) available for a user that utilizes the web, in specific through, to retrieve information and find solutions for their own mental health.
Keywords: Mental Health; Psychoeducation; Internet; m-Health; Google; On-Line Psychotherapy; Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy; CBT

  1. Fenton S., Badgett R. (2007) “A comparison of primary care information content in UpToDate and the National Guideline Clearinghouse”, J. Med. Libr. Assoc., 95(3): 255-9
  2. American Medical Association (2013) Professionalism in the Use of Social Media. codemedical-ethics/
  3. American Psychiatric Association (1994) Manuale diagnostico e statistico dei disturbi mentali (DSM IV) (trad. it Masson, Milano)
  4. American Psychiatric Association (2003) Linee guida per il trattamento dei disturbi psichiatrici. Compendio 2003 (trad. it. Masson, Milano)
  5. Andersson G. (2009) “Using the internet to provide cognitive behaviour therapy”, Behav. Res. Ther., 47: 175-80, DOI: 10.1016/j.brat.2009.01.01
  6. Andersson G., Bergstrom J., Hollandare F., Carlbring P., Kaldo V., Ekselius L. (2005) “Internet-based self-help for depression: randomised controlled trial”, Br. J. Psychiatry, 187: 456-461 Arnberg F.K., Linton S.J., Hultcrantz M., Heintz E., Jonsson U. (2014) “Internet-Delivered Psychological Treatments for Mood and Anxiety Disorders: A Systematic Review of Their Efficacy, Safety, and Cost-Effectiveness”, PLoS One, 9(5): e98118, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.009811
  7. Ayers J.W., Althouse B.M., Allem J.P., Rosenquist J.N., Ford D.E. (2013) “Seasonality in seeking mental health information on Google”, Am. J. Prev. Med., 44(5): 520-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2013.01.01
  8. Baker L., Wagner T.H., Singer S. (2003) “Use of the internet and e-mail for health care information: results from a national survey”, JAMA, 289: 2400-2406
  9. Barak A., Hen L., Boniel-Nissim M. (2008) “A Comprehensive Review and a Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Internet-Based Psychotherapeutic Interventions”, Journal of Technology in Human Services, 26(2/4), DOI: 10.1080/1522883080209442
  10. Bould M., Hladkowicz E., Pigford A.A. et al. (2014) “References that anyone can edit: review of Wikipedia citations in peer reviewed health science literature”, BMJ, 348: g1585, DOI: 10.1136/bmj.g158
  11. Brouard B., Bardo P., Vignot M., Bonnet C., Vignot S. (2014) “eHealth and mHealth: current developments in 2014 and perspectives in oncology”, Bull. Cancer, Jun 5
  12. BusinessWire (2011) WellDoc® Accelerates mHealth Portfolio Expansion through Acquisition and Growth of Oncology Care Home Health, LLC. http://www.businesswire. com/news/home/20110207005166/en/WellDoc®-AcceleratesmHealth-Portfolio-Expansion-Acquisition-Growth#.VDRTkb60ZSU
  13. Chee B., Van Stralen N. (2013) Can a Google Search Predict Mental Health?
  14. Christensen H., Griffiths K.M., Jorm A.F. (2004) “Delivering interventions for depression by using the internet: randomised controlled trial”, BMJ, 328: 265
  15. Fisher R. (2006) “Just can’t get e-nough”, New Scientist, 20 December 2006.
  16. Cipresso P., Serino S., Villani D., Repetto C., Selitti L., Albani G., Mauro A., Gaggioli A., Riva G. (2012) “Is your phone so smart to affect your states? An exploratory study based on psychophysiological measures”, Neurocomputing, 84: 23-30, DOI: 10.1016/j.neucom.2011.12.02
  17. Consiglio Nazionale dell’Ordine degli Psicologi (2013a) Linee guida per le prestazioni psicologiche via internet e a distanza nelle more di una codificazione deontologica nei termini di cui all’articolo 41 del Codice Deontologico degli psicologi italiani.
  18. Consiglio Nazionale dell’Ordine degli Psicologi (2013b) Raccomandazioni del CNOP sulle prestazioni psicologiche attraverso tecnologie di comunicazione a distanza.
  19. Cottraux J., Blackburn I. (2001) “Cognitive Therapy”, in Livesly J.W. (ed.), Handbook of Personality Disorders, Guilford, New York
  20. News Staff (2007) Coroner blames online pills for B.C. woman’s death, 21 March 2007. 70321/coroner_onlinepills_070321/20070321/
  21. d’Adamo G. (2007) Psicoterapia cognitiva sul web: lo stato dell’arte. Le fonti di informazione sulla psicoterapia cognitiva disponibili in italiano su internet, tesi di specializzazione, SPC, Roma
  22. Deere G. (2006a) The Business Impact Of Blogs. Ipson Mori, 21 November 2006.
  23. Deere G. (2006b) The Business Impact Of Blogs. Presentation. Ipson Mori,
  24. Dickersin K., Manheimer E. (1998) “The Cochrane Collaboration: Evaluation of Health Care and Services Using Systematic Reviews of the Results of Randomized Controlled Trials”, Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology. Evidence-Based Medicine: Underlying Principles. 41(2): 315-331
  25. Dimaggio G., Semerari A. (a cura di) (2003) I disturbi di personalità. Modelli e trattamento. Stati mentali, metarappresentazione, cicli interpersonali, Laterza, Roma-Bari
  26. Diodoro D. (1999) Internet e approccio psicoeducativo. Alcune note sulla storia della psicoeducazione. 08_PsicOnLine.p65. 26-04-1999, 12:17
  27. Dotta G. (2007) È Google il brand dell’anno 2007, La 24 Aprile 2007. G. (2006) “Clicking for pills”, Br. Med. Journal, 334: 14-15
  28. Esposito G. (1999a) La rete internet e la psichiatria nel sud Italia. Relazione presentata al Congresso SIP, Bari, 1999.
  29. Esposito G. (1999b) Internet e informazione psichiatrica: il web-counseling per il disagio psicologico dei ciber-utenti.
  30. Eysenbach G., Kohler C. (2002) “How do consumers search for and appraise health information on the world wide web? Qualitative study using focus groups, usability tests, and in-depth interviews”, BMJ, 324, DOI: 10.1136/bmj.324.7337.57
  31. Eysenbach G., Kohler C. (2003) “What is the prevalence of health-related searches on the World Wide Web? Qualitative and quantitative analysis of search engine queries on the internet”, Proc. AMIA Annual Fall Symp., 225
  32. Eysenbach G., Yihune G., Lampe K., Cross P., Brickley D. (2000) “MedCertain: quality management, certification and rating of health information on the Net”, Proc. AMIA Symp., 230-4.
  33. Fisher R. (2007) “Malati di Web. Dipendenze Ricerche compulsive con Google. Eccessi di Wikipedia e iTunes. Nuove patologie, qui raccontate dalle ‘vittime’”,La Repubblica, 560, 4 agosto 2007: 44.
  34. Fitzgerald K. (2013) Google Searches Show The Seasonal Trends Of Mental Illness.
  35. Grajales F.J.III, Sheps S., Ho K., Novak-Lauscher H., Eysenbach G. (2014) “Social media: a review and tutorial of applications in medicine and health care”, J. Med. Internet Res., 16(2): e13, DOI: 10.2196/jmir.291
  36. Grohol J. (1995) How to Choose a Therapist.
  37. Harari S. (2014) “La salute in versione mobile. Sostegno ai pazienti via smartphone”, Corriere della Sera, Milano.
  38. Hasty R.T., Garbalosa R.C., Barbato V.A. et al. (2014) “Wikipedia vs peerreviewed medical literature for information about the 10 most costly medical conditions”, J. Am. Osteopath. Assoc., 114(5): 368-373, DOI: 10.7556/jaoa.2014.03
  39. Health On the Net Foundation (2006) Analysis of 9th HON Survey of Health and Medical Internet Users. Winter 2004-2005.
  40. Hordern B. (2000) Is Online Help Safe?
  41. Hsiung R., Ainsworth M. (2000) Suggested Principles of Professional Ethics for the Online.
  42. HumanTrainer (2011) “Psicologia clinica: I termini più cercati in internet”, Psico-Pratika, 60.
  43. Impiacciatore P., Pandolfini C., Casella N., Bonati M. (1997) “Reliability of health information for the public on the world wide web: systematic survey of advice on managing fever in children at home”, BMJ, 314: 1875-1879
  44. ISTAT (2013) Cittadini e nuove tecnologie. Anno 2013.
  45. Jadad A., Cook D., Jones A., Klassen T., Tugwell P., Moher M., Moher D. (1998) “Methodology and reports of systematic reviews and meta-analyses: a comparison of Cochrane reviews with articles published in paper-based journals”, JAMA, 280: 278-280
  46. Judd T., Kennedy G. (2011) “Expediency-based practice? medical students’ reliance on Google and Wikipedia for biomedical inquiries”, Br. J. Educ. Technol., 42(2): 351-360
  47. , DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2009.01019.
  48. Kozma C. (2006) “The National Guideline Clearinghouse”, Manag. Care Interface, 19(5): 43, 51
  49. Krane D. (2005) “Number of ‘Cyberchondriacs’ – U.S. Adults Who Go Online for Health Information – Increases to Estimated 117 Million”, The Harris Poll, 54. HI_HealthCareNews2005Vol5_Iss08.pdf
  50. Kupferberg N., Protus B.M. (2011) “Accuracy and completeness of drug information in Wikipedia: an assessment”, J. Med. Libr. Assoc., 99(4): 310-313, DOI: 10.3163/1536-5050.99.4.01
  51. Liotti G. (1994) La dimensione interpersonale della coscienza, Nis, Roma
  52. Livesly J.W. (a cura di) (2001) Handbook of Personality Disorders, Guilford, New York
  53. Lo Iacono G. (2001) Come cercare aiuto psicologico (e perché). Orientarsi nelle possibilità professionali e informali per accrescere il benessere, Erickson, Trento
  54. Mancini F., Semerari A. (1990) Le teorie cognitive dei disturbi emotivi. Nis, Roma
  55. MarketWatch (2014) The Mobile Healthcare (mHealth) Bible: 2015-2020.
  56. Masoni M., Guelfi M.R., Conti A., Gensini G.F. (2014) “La qualità dell’informazione sanitaria in rete”, Rivista L’Infermiere, 1.
  57. McGowan B.S., Wasko M., Vartabedian B.S., Miller R.S., Freiherr D.D.,
  58. Abdolrasulnia M. (2012) “Understanding the Factors That Influence the Adoption and Meaningful Use of Social Media by Physicians to Share Medical Information”, J. Med. Internet Res., 14(5): e117, DOI: 10.2196/jmir.213
  59. National Cancer Institute (2011) mHealth Initiatives: Mobilizing Cancer Prevention and Control.
  60. Online Health Search (2006) Fox S. Pew Internet & American Life Project, 29 Oct 2006
  61. Ordine degli Psicologi del Lazio (2004) Codice di Condotta. Relativo all’utilizzo di tecnologie per la comunicazione a distanza nell’attività professionale degli Psicologi.
  62. Organizzazione Mondiale della Sanità (2000) Farmaci e Internet. Guida per la ricerca di informazioni attendibili.
  63. Pandolfini C., Bonati M. (2002) “Follow-up of quality of public oriented health informazioni on the word wide web: systematic re-evaluation”, BMJ, 324: 582-583
  64. Pandolfini C., Impiacciatore P., Bonati M. (2000) “Parents on the web: risks for quality management of cough in children”, Pediatrics, 105: el
  65. Panorama (2013) Salute: un italiano su tre s’informa sul web. http://www.panorama.
  66. it/scienza/salute/salute-informazione-web/
  67. Pellegrino F. (2011) L’approccio integrato ai disturbi mentali: linee guida e pratica clinica, Springer Verlag Italia, Milano
  68. Powell J., Clarke A. (2002) “The WWW of the World Wide Web: who, what, and why?”, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 4, e4.
  69. Purcell G., Wilson P., Delamothe T. (2002) “The quality of health information on the internet”, Br. Med. J., 324: 557-558, DOI: 10.1136/bmj.324.7337.55
  70. (2014) Audiweb, utenti italiani in calo: 28 milioni, 17,2 dal mobile. _in_calo_28_milioni_17_2_dal_mobile-96543363/
  71. Risk A., Dzenowagis J. (2001) “Review of internet health information quality initiatives”, J. Med. Internet Res., 3(4): e28
  72. Ruberto M.G. (2011) La medicina ai tempi del web. Medico e paziente nell’e-Health, FrancoAngeli, Milano
  73. Ruwaard J., Lange A., Schrieken B., Dolan C.V., Emmelkamp P. (2012) “The Effectiveness Of Online Cognitive Behavioral Treatment In Routine Clinical Practice”, PLoS One, 7: e40089, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0040089.Epub2012Jul
  74. Salkovskis P.M. (1996) Frontiers of Cognitive Therapy, Guilford, New York
  75. Santoro E. (2001) Internet in medicina. Guida all’uso e applicazioni pratiche, Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore, Roma
  76. Santoro E. (2002) La medicina in Rete, Il Pensiero Scientifico Editore, Roma
  77. Schembri G., Schober P. (2009) “The Internet as a diagnostic aid: the patients’ perspective”, International Journal of STD & AIDS, 20: 231-233, DOI: 10.1258/ijsa.2008.00833
  78. Semerari A. (2000) Storia, teorie e tecniche della psicoterapia cognitiva, Laterza, Roma-Bari
  79. Shohara R., Ober M., Rennie D., Bero L. (2000) “Criticisms submitted to the British Medical Journal and the Cochrane Library: A comparison”, Evid Action Int. Cochrane Colloq., 8th 2000 Cape Town S Afr. 2000; 8
  80. Simon G. (2004) “Websites offering information about depression or cognitive behaviour therapy reduced depressive symptoms”, Evid. Based Med., 9: 116-116
  81. Singh M. (2014) Online Psychotherapy Gains Fans And Raises Privacy Concerns.
  82. Starr M., Chalmers I., Clarke M. (2009) “The origins, evolution, and future of The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews”, International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care, 25: Supplement 1: 182-195, DOI: 10.1017/S026646230909062
  83. Testa M. (2013) Alkemy: le informazioni mediche ora si trovano su internet.
  84. Vital Wave Consulting (2009) mHealth for Development: The Opportunity of Mobile Technology for Healthcare in the Developing World. United Nations Foundation, Vodafone Foundation. p. 9.
  85. White R., Horvitz E. (2009) “Cyberchondria: Studies of the escalation of medical concerns in Web search”, ACM Transactions on Information Systems, 27, 4: 1, DOI: 10.1145/1629096.162910

Giulio D'Adamo, Dr google says to my patients.. a new secure base, decentralized in psychotherapy 3.0 in "PSICOBIETTIVO" 3/2014, pp. 145-170, DOI:10.3280/PSOB2014-003010


FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content