Click here to download

Tendenze e caratteristiche della disuguaglianza dei redditi: le ragioni della predistribution
Journal Title: QA Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria 
Author/s: Maurizio Franzini, Michele Raitano 
Year:  2014 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  29 Pg. 89-117 FullText PDF:  114 KB
DOI:  10.3280/QU2014-004005
(DOI is like a bar code for intellectual property: to have more infomation:  clicca qui   and here 


Tendencies and Features of Income Inequality: Motivating Predistribution Income inequality raises serious problems because of its extent and its features. This paper starts from the empirical evidence on trends in disposable income inequality in the major OECD countries, distinguishing the roles played by market inequalities and by public redistribution. It then goes on to discuss,, on the one hand, the reasons why an anti-inequality strategy based on redistributive measures only, even if necessary, may not be enough and, on the other hand, the merits of a predistribution strategy, i.e. of measures designed to prevent the development of inequalities in the markets, acting both on individual endowments and on the rules supporting the functioning of the markets. EconLit Classification: D310, I240, I380, J310
Keywords: Economic inequality, Human capital, Redistribution, Predistribution

  1. Alvaredo F., Pisano E. (2010), «Top Incomes in Italy, 1974-2004», in Atkinson A.B. e Piketty T. (eds.), Top Incomes: A Global Perspective, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 625-659.
  2. Alvaredo F., Atkinson A.B., Piketty T., Saez E. (2013), «The Top 1% in International and Historical Perspectives», Journal of Economic Perspectives, 27, n. 3, pp. 3-20. Atkinson A.B., Brandolini A. (2001), «Promise and Pitfalls in the Use of Secondary Data-Sets: Income Inequality in OECD Countries as a Case Study», Journal of Economic Literature, 39, pp. 771-799.
  3. Atkinson A.B., Piketty T., Saez E. (2011), «Top Incomes in the Long Run of History », in Journal of Economic Literature, 49, 1, pp. 3-71.
  4. Baldini M., Toso S. (2009), Disuguaglianza, povertà e politiche pubbliche, il Mulino, Bologna.
  5. Ballarino G., Braga M., Bratti M., Checchi D., Filippin A., Fiorio C., Leonardi M.,
  6. Meschi E., Scervini F. (2014), «Italy: How Labour Market Policies Can Foster Earnings Inequality», in Nolan B., Salverda W., Checchi D., Marx I.,
  7. McKnight A., Tóth I., van de Werfhorst H. (eds.), Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries: Thirty Countries’ Experiences, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 369-392.
  8. Bogliacino F., Maestri V. (2014), «Increasing Economic Inequalities?» in Salverda W., Nolan B., Checchi D., Marx I., McKnight A., Tóth I., van de Werfhorst H.
  9. (eds.), Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries, Oxford, Oxford University Press, pp. 15-48.
  10. Bound J., Johnson G. (1992), «Changes in the Structure of Wages in the 1980s: An Evaluation of Alternative Explanations», American Economic Review, 82, pp. 371-92.
  11. Brandolini A. (2005), «La disuguaglianza di reddito in Italia nell’ultimo decennio », Stato e mercato, 2, pp. 207-230.
  12. Card D., Lemieux T. (1996), «Wage Dispersion, Returns to Skills, and Black-White Wage Differentials», Journal of Econometrics, 74, pp. 319-61.
  13. Cholezas I., Tsakloglou P. (2007), «Earnings _Inequality in Europe: Structure and Patterns of Inter-Temporal Changes», IZA Discussion Paper, 2636.
  14. Diamond P. (2014), Pre-distribution, Education and Human Capital, Policy Network, available on line: http://www.policy-network.net (last access: October 15 2014).
  15. Esping Andersen G., Myles J. (2009), «Economic Inequality and the Welfare State», in Salverda W., Nolan B., Smeeding T. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 639-664.
  16. Eurostat, vari anni, European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC), Luxembourg.
  17. Fiorio C., Leonardi M., Scervini F. (2012), «La disuguaglianza dei redditi in Italia », in Checchi D. (a cura di), Disuguaglianze diverse, il Mulino, Bologna, pp. 137-154.
  18. Franzini M. (2013), Disuguaglianze inaccettabili. L’immobilità economica in Italia, Laterza, Roma-Bari.
  19. Franzini M., Granaglia E., Raitano M. (2014), Dobbiamo preoccuparci dei ricchi? Le disuguaglianze estreme nel capitalismo contemporaneo, il Mulino, Bologna.
  20. Franzini M., Raitano M. (2011), «Non solo capitale umano: la disuguaglianza salariale e il funzionamento del mercato del lavoro», Meridiana, 71-72, pp. 45-74.
  21. Franzini M., Raitano M. (2014), «Wage Gaps and Human Capital: Looking for an Explanation», Progressive Economy Workshop, Bruxelles, 5-6 March. Hacker J.S. (2011), The Institutional Foundation of Middle-Class Democracy, Policy Network, London.
  22. Hacker J.S. (2014), The Free Market Fantasy, Policy Network, http://www.policynetwork.net/.
  23. Hacker J.S., Pierson P. (2010), Winner-Take-All-Politics. How Washington Made the Rich Richer and Turned Its Back on the Middle Class, Simon & Schuster, New York.
  24. Immervoll H., Richardson L. (2011), «Redistribution Policy and Inequality Reduction in OECD Countries: What Has Changed in Two Decades?», OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Paper, 122.
  25. Jenkins S., Brandolini A., Micklewright J., Nolan B. (eds.) (2012), The Great Recession and the Distribution of Household Income, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  26. Katz L., Murphy K. (1992), «Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-87: Supply and Demand Factors», Quarterly Journal of Economics, 107, pp.35-78.
  27. Kenworthy L., Pontusson J. (2005), «Rising Inequality and the Politics of Redistribution in Affluent Countries», Perspectives on Politics, 3, 3, pp. 449-471.
  28. Leigh A. (2009), «Top Incomes», in Salverda W., Nolan B., Smeeding T. (eds.), Handbook of Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 150-176.
  29. Marx I., Verbist G. (2014), «The Policy Response: Boosting Employment and Social Investment», in Salverda W., Nolan B., Checchi D., Marx I., McKnight A., Tóth I., van de Werfhorst H. (eds.), Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 265-293.
  30. Marx I., Van Rie T. (2014), «The Policy Response to Inequality: Redistributing Income», in Salverda W., Nolan B., Checchi D., Marx I., McKnight A., Tóth I., van de Werfhorst H. (eds.), Changing Inequalities and Societal Impacts in Rich Countries, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 239-264.
  31. Mocetti S., Olivieri E., Viviano E. (2011), «Le famiglie italiane e il lavoro: caratteristiche strutturali e effetti della crisi», Stato e mercato, 2, pp. 223-24
  32. Morel N., Palier B., Palme J. (eds.) (2012), Towards a Social Investment Welfare State? Ideas, Policies and Challenges, Policy Press, Bristol.
  33. Oecd (2008), Growing Unequal, Oecd, Paris.
  34. Oecd (2011), Divided We Stand. Why Inequality Keeps Rising, Oecd, Paris. O’Neill M., Williamson T. (2012), The Promise of Pre-Distribution, Policy Network, http://www.policy-network.net/.
  35. Ostry J.D., Berg A., Tsangarides C.G. (2014), «Redistribution, Inequality, and Growth», IMF Staff Discussion Note, 14/02, February.
  36. Salverda W., Nolan B., Smeeding T. (eds.) (2009), The Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, Oxford.
  37. Stiglitz J. (2012), The Price of Inequality, Norton, New York.
  38. Valentini E. (2009), «Underground Economy, Evasion and Inequality», International Economic Journal, 23, 2, pp. 281-290.
  39. Voitchovsky S. (2009), «Inequality and Economic Growth», in Salverda W., Nolan B., Smeeding T. (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Economic Inequality, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Maurizio Franzini, Michele Raitano, in "QA Rivista dell’Associazione Rossi-Doria" 4/2014, pp. 89-117, DOI:10.3280/QU2014-004005

   

FrancoAngeli is a member of Publishers International Linking Association a not for profit orgasnization wich runs the CrossRef service, enabing links to and from online scholarly content