A small number of Spanish students attended the University of Bologna since the late fourteenth century thanks to the existence of the Royal College of Spain. The college went through moments of splendor and decadence, the latter accentuated by the transition from the Ancien Regime to the age of liberalism. The French occupation of Bologna in 1796 and the consequent adoption of the revolutionary principles marked a drastic change for the institution, whose survival in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century was only due to its privileges. Frase cass. This article traces the crisis and survival of the College of Spain in Bologna during the nineteenth century. It highlights the increasing power of the Spanish state to the detriment of the Church and ultimately the difficult adaptation of this ancien regime institution to the requirements of the Liberal State, a long way from the philosophy that inspired the creation of the College of Bologna.
Keywords: Royal College of Spain; High Colleges; 19 century, Bologna; liberalism; educational institutions.