Clicca qui per scaricare

Liberalizzazione del corporativismo? L’evoluzione del welfare mix tedesco in una prospettiva internazionale
Titolo Rivista: SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI 
Autori/Curatori: Ingo Bode 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2015 Fascicolo: Lingua: Italiano 
Numero pagine:  20 P. 33-52 Dimensione file:  111 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SP2015-001003
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


This paper focuses on the reorganization of the welfare mix in advanced welfare states, with a focus on Germany and in the light of recent developments in liberal Anglo-Saxon countries. Scrutinizing the relationship between the state and the non profit sector, it retraces a movement towards the liberalization of corporatism, that is, the gradual replacement of corporatist regulation by a liberal, more market-oriented approach. With this approach, proliferating in many parts of the world, non-statutory actors are welcome as service providers, albeit on the basis of a more loosely coupled partnership with public authorities. Comparing Anglo-Saxon and continental European traditions, two forms of the regulatory interface relevant to the collaboration between the state and the non-profit sector are compared: procurement (epitomized by a public body’s purchase of services within a competitive landscape of service providers), and commissioning which be understood as covering a broader range of inter-sector arrangements in which the market logic remains rudimentary. The development in Germany, it is argued, proves hybrid as the two forms coexist, albeit within a more market-driven context. In that sense, there is a liberalization of corporatism.


Keywords: Liberalization; Corporatism; Regulatory Interface; Procurement; Commissioning

  1. Aiken, M. and Bode, I. 2009. Killing the Golden Goose? Third Sector Organizations and Back-to-Work Programmes in Germany and the UK. Social Policy & Administration, 43(3), pp. 209-225.
  2. Anheier, H. K. and Seibel W. 2001. The Nonprofit Sector in Germany. Between State, Economy and Society. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  3. Bahle, T. 2008. The State and Social Services in Britain, France in Germany since the 1980s. Reform and Growth in a Period of Welfare State Crisis. European Societies, 10(1), pp. 25-47.
  4. Bode, I. 2003a, A New Agenda for European Charity. Catholic Welfare and Organisational Change in France and Germany; 205-225. Voluntas, 14(2), pp. 205-225.
  5. – 2003b. Flexible Response in Changing Environments. The German Third Sector in Transition. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, 33(2), pp. 190-210.
  6. – 2003c. The Welfare State in Germany. Corporatism and the German Welfare Model. In C. Aspalter. ed. Welfare Capitalism Around the World, pp. 159-180. Hongkong & Taipeh: Casa Verde Publishing.
  7. – 2009. On the Road to Welfare Markets: Institutional, Organizational, and Cultural Dynamics of a New European Welfare State Settlement. In J. Hendricks and J. Powell. eds. The Welfare State in Post-Industrial Society: A Global Perspective, pp. 161-177. Berlin/New York: Springer.
  8. – 2010. Thinking Beyond Borderline a German Gaze on a Changing Interface between Society and the Voluntary Sector. Voluntary Sector Review, 1(2), 139-161.-76. – 2012. A Fuzzy Picture: Social Citizenship in Post-corporatist Germany. In A. Evers and A.-M. Guillemard. eds. Social Policy and Citizenship, pp. 298-332. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  9. – 2014. State-Third Sector partnerships. In S. Harper and K. Hamblin (eds.), International Handbook on Ageing and Public Policy, pp. 421-432. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
  10. Bode, I., Champetier, B. and Chartrand, S. 2013, Embedded Marketization as Transnational Path Departure. Assessing Recent Change in Home Care Systems Comparatively. Comparative Sociology, 12(6), pp. 821-850.
  11. Bönker, F. and Wollmann, H. 2006. Public Sector Reforms and Local Governments in Germany: The Case of Local Social Policy. In V. Hoffmann-Martinot and H. Wollmann. eds. Comparing Public Sector Reforms in France and Germany, pp.189-206. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag.
  12. Carmel, E. and Harlock J. 2008. Instituting the "Third Sector" as a Governable Terrain: Partnership, Procurement and Performance in the UK. Policy & Politics, 36(2), pp. 155-171.
  13. Casey, J. 2011. A New Era of Collaborative Government-Nonprofit Relations in the U.S.?. Nonprofit Policy Forum, 2(1).
  14. Christensen, T. and Laegreid P. 2011. Complexity and Hybrid Public Administration. Theoretical and Empirical Challenges. Public Organisation Review, 11(4), pp. 407-423.
  15. Davies, S. 2008. Contracting Out Employment Services to the Third and Private Sectors. A Critique. Critical Social Policy, 28(2), pp. 136-164.
  16. Diefenbach, T. 2009. New Public Management in Public Sector Organizations: The Dark Sides of Managerialistic “Enlightenment”. Public Administration 87(4), pp. 892-900.
  17. Dopson, S. 2009. Changing Forms of Managerialism in the NHS: Hierarchies, markets and networks. In J. Gabe and M. Calnan. eds. The New Sociology of the Health Service, pp. 37-55. London: Routledge.
  18. Evers, A. 1993. The Welfare Mix Approach. Understanding the Pluralisms of Welfare States. In: A. Evers and I. Svetlik. eds. Balancing Pluralism. New Welfare mixes in Care for the Elderly, pp. 4-31. Aldershot:
  19. Avebury.
  20. Evers, A. and Zimmer, A. eds. 2010. Third Sector Organizations Facing Turbulent Environments. Sports, Culture and Social Services in Five European Countries. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  21. Freise, M. and Hallmann, T. eds. 2014, Modernizing Democracy? Associations and Associating in the 21st Century. New York: Springer.
  22. Gidron, B., Kramer, R. and Salamon, L. 1992. eds. Government and the Third Sector: Emerging Relationships in the Welfare State. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
  23. Glendinning, C. 2012. Home Care in England: Markets in the context of underfunding.
  24. Health and Social Care in the Community, 20(3), pp. 292–299. Katz, M.B. and Sachße, C. 1996. eds., The Mixed Economy of Social Welfare: Public/Private Relations in England, Germany and the United States. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  25. Heins, E., Price, D., Pollock, A. M., Miller, E., Mohan, J. and Shaoul, J. 2010. A Review of the Evidence of Third Sector Performance and Its Relevance for a Universal Comprehensive Health System. Social Policy & Society, 9(4), pp. 515-526.
  26. Hendriksen, L. S., Smith, S. R. and Zimmer, A. 2012. “At the Eve of Convergence?” Transformations of Social Service Provision in Denmark, Germany and the United States. Voluntas, 23(2), pp. 458-501.
  27. Hustinx, L., Verschuere, B. and De Corte, J. D. 2014, Organisational Hybridity in a Post-Corporatist Welfare mix: The Case of the Third Sector in Belgium. Journal of Social Policy, 43(2), pp.391-411.
  28. Kimberly, J. M. and Campbell, A. L. 2011. The Delegated Welfare State. Medicare, Markets, and the Governance of Social Policy. Oxford, Oxford University Press.
  29. Larsen, F. and Wright, S. 2014. Interpreting the marketization of employment services in Great Britain and Denmark. Journal of European Social Policy, 24(5), pp. 455-469.
  30. Le Grand, J. 2003. Motivation, Agency, and Public Policy: Of Knights and Knaves, Pawns and Queens. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  31. – 2007. The Other Unvisible Hand. Delivering Public Services through Choice and Competition. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  32. Lisac, M., Lutz, R., Klaus-Dieter, H. and Schlette, S. 2010. Access and Choice. Competition under the Roof of Solidarity in German Health Care – an Analysis of Health Policy Reforms since 2004. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 5(1), pp. 31-52.
  33. Lobao, L., Lazarus, A. and Hooks, G. 2014. Privatization, Business Attraction, and Social Services across the United States: Local Governments’ Use of Market-Oriented, Neoliberal Policies in the Post-2000 Period. Social Problems, 61(4), pp. 644-672.
  34. Means, R., Smith R. and Morbey, H. 2002. From Community Care to Market Care? The Development of Welfare Services for Older People. Bristol: Policy Press.
  35. Milbourne, L. 2013. Voluntary Sector in Transition: Hard Times or New Opportunities?. Bristol, Policy Press.
  36. Phillips, S. D. and Smith, S. R. 2011. Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector. Evolving Government-Third Sector Relationships. In S. D. Phillips and S. R. Smith. eds. Governance and Regulation in the Third Sector. International Perspectives, pp. 1-36. New York/London: Routledge.
  37. Powell, M. and Miller, R. 2014. Framing Privatisation in the English National Health Service. Journal of Social Policy, 43(3), pp. 575-594. Priller, E. 2013. Scope, Structure, and Development of Civil Society in Germany. In A. Zimmer. ed. Civil Societies Compared: Germany and the Netherlands, pp. 161-176. Baden-Baden: Nomos.
  38. Sanger, B. 2003. The Welfare Marketplace: Privatization and Welfare Reform. Washington: Brookings Institution Press.
  39. Smith, S. R. 2009. The Political Economy of Contracting and Competition. In Y. Hasenfeld. ed. Human Services as Complex Organisations, pp. 139-160. Thousands Oaks: Sage.
  40. Stewart, K. 2011. The English NHS as a Market: Challenges for the Coalition Government. In C. Holden, M. Kilkey and G. Ramia. eds. Social Policy Review 23. Bristol: Policy Press.
  41. Theobald, H. 2012. Home-based Care Provision within the German Welfare Mix. Health and Social Care in the Community, 20(3), pp. 274–282.
  42. Tuckmann, H. P. and Chang, C. F. 2006. Commercial Activity, Technological Change, and Nonprofit Mission. In W. Powell and R. Steinberg. eds. The Nonprofit Sector. A Research Handbook, pp. 629-644. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
  43. Walsh, K., Deakin, N., Smith, P., Spurgeon, P. and Thomas N. 2000. Contracting for Change. Contracts in Health, Social care, and Other Local Government Services. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  44. Weishaupt, T. 2010. Germany after a Decade of Social Democrats in Government: The End of the Continental Model?. German Politics, 19(2), pp. 105-122.
  45. Zimmer, A. 1999. Corporatism Revisited. The Legacy of History and the German Non-Profit-Sector. Voluntas, 10(1), pp. 37-49.

Ingo Bode, in "SOCIOLOGIA E POLITICHE SOCIALI" 1/2015, pp. 33-52, DOI:10.3280/SP2015-001003

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche