The aim of this paper is to analyze in which way the transformation of the Welfare State in Europe has taken place, in order to answer to the challenges posed by the new paradigms of work and the impact on the possibility for the youth to get access to social citizenship. The paper will affirm that the concept of the "active Welfare State", even if it is characterized by a willingness to surpass the degeneration of welfarism, it still remains strongly attached to the notion that social citizenship can be attained only through the fulfillment of the citizen’s duty to work. Nonetheless in those countries which have invested more than others on Active Policies it is possible to notice that the youth has gained employment, but the introduction of coercive instruments to accept any kind of work seems to produce a difficulty for the youth to get access to social citizenship. The paper concludes with the affirmation that the needs of the new generation of workers require a new kind of universal social citizenship that overtake the stiff of the nexus between work and citizenship.
Keywords: Youth, unemployment, social citizenship, Welfare State, activation policies, comparative studies