The speech made by Putin on March 18 2014 to accommodate triumphantly the results of the referendum for self-determination of the Crimea on March 16 is another variant of the Kulturkampf between Russia and Ukraine which was opened in the Twenties of the Nineteenth century. The legacy of the czarist empire and the Soviet Union is a crucial factor for understanding both the Ukrainian question, and the question of geopolitical position of the post-Soviet space. Russia sees Ukraine as part of its strategic orbit, while a part of Ukraine would like to rid the Russian hegemony and cooperate with the European Union. The dangerous relationship Russia-Ukraine has been characterized by a kind of geopolitical and geo-cultural asymmetry, which hegemony of Russia, which is the basis of a bisecolare Kulturkampf.
Keywords: Russia, Ukraine, Kulturkampf, Ukrajinofil’stvo, Russophobia, Crimea.