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Gli inizi di una metodologia della scoperta. L’emergere di un aspetto naturalistico della logica
Journal Title: PARADIGMI 
Author/s: Mirella Capozzi 
Year:  2015 Issue: Language: Italian 
Pages:  15 Pg. 45-59 FullText PDF:  83 KB
DOI:  10.3280/PARA2015-002005
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Between the 16th and the 17th centuries the stress put on natural logic and language by Renaissance logicians, Descartes’ inquiry on the cognitive sources of the certainty of inferences, and Locke’s insistence on the connection between logic and the workings of the mind, were often motivated by the inadequacy of the syllogism as a means of discovery. Also Leibniz and, later on, Lambert - both taking advantage of the cognitive contribution of sensibility in dealing with the signs of their logical calculi - favored heuristic methods that, partly inspired by Bacon, used mnemonic/inventive tools such as topoi, formerly devised for persuasive arguments ranging in the field of rhetorical probability. This was not intended as a retreat to a natural naïve logic, but as the promotion of a naturalized logic attentive to the way humans think, and capable of running the risk of error.
Keywords: Agricola, Descartes, heuristics, Lambert, Leibniz, Locke, naturality of logic.

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Mirella Capozzi, in "PARADIGMI" 2/2015, pp. 45-59, DOI:10.3280/PARA2015-002005


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