Oedipus’ tragedy is the myth which has most significantly influenced 20th century culture, in particular philosophy and psychology. Both Foucault and Freud have amply written about it; however, both referred to the traditional interpretation of Oedipus the King - the Aristotelian interpretation which considers Oedipus an involuntary perpetrator of parricide and incest. Such an interpretation, however, is problematic once the text is analyzed in detail. Following a discussion of Freud’s improper use of the tragedy (Maiullari, 2011), this article analyzes Foucault’s - also improper - use: in both cases the issue is that of method, since neither scholar addresses the text before drawing conclusions. The two articles complement each other in their crossreferencing on psychology and philosophy, and confirm the need to abide by the text with the same respect as would be due to a patient’s text if we are to avoid being led into arbitrary conclusions.
Keywords: Foucault, Oedipus the King, method, anamorphosis, Freud