The article traces Fasano’s intellectual journey from Paris at the end of the 1950s, where she trained under Fernand Braudel’s intellectual influence and took her first steps in historiographical cartography, to the debates on the territorial/regional/modern state in a larger European and north American framework. It highlights her key contribution in transforming the political historiograpahy of early modern Italy through her studies of Tuscany analyzed from its peripheries. Beginning with the Atlante storico italiano per l’età moderna, down to the American conference on the origins of the state in Italy, this journey reveals an original Italian path to the study of the state. Obscured for many years by the model of the big European states, this Italian path recovered its centrality with the emergence in the 1990s of the theme of "composite monarchies".
Keywords: Political historiography; state; historical cartography; Tuscany; intellectual exchange between Italy and France.