"Progressive democracy" was one of the main concepts in the political culture and strategic proposal of the Italian Communist Party, from 1943-45. But its advances are in the reflection of Gramsci in prison and in that Togliatti during the Spanish Civil War. During the antifascist resistance, the leadership of the Communist Party in occupied Italy in front of the flowering of the CLN and other structures of popular self-organization, gives them a central role in the "new-style democracy" that intends to build, and on this creates an important collective elaboration. The concept emerges in the proposals of Togliatti to the Constituent Assembly, where the "progressive democracy" is characterized by its social and economic content, with the prevalence of the general public over private interests. In these terms the proposal characterizes the Communist Party for decades to come, until crossing the great democratic wave of the ’60s and ’70s.
Keywords: Progressive democracy, Italian Communist Party, Palmiro Togliatti, Eugenio Curiel, Luigi Longo, the Italian Constitution.