Active politics in employment have been largely faced in academic and political discussions, especially in those countries where unemployment is highest and with cronocity which is difficult to bear. The extremely long economic stop that has been faced by many Western countries starting from 2007 has made it very difficult to reach the goals set by the European Union as regards employment for young people and women. It has also made it difficult for the Government to allocate adequate economic resources to develop active and effective politics in employment. The ever increasing unemployment in the most industrialized countries, the difficulity in sustaining welfare and especially the difficulty in sustaining those traditional ways of helping workers in companies hit by crisis, has made it urgent for the various governments to review the politics in employment and to adopt flexicurity models, and more generally speaking welfare to work models and encourage Life Long Learing. The article analyzes the impact that the crisis has had and keeps on having on employment and on the welfare of Italy and other countries. It also examines active and passive politics of employment, with special attention given to flexicurity and reform of apprenticeship which is used as a way of introducing young people to the world of work and also of helping worker who need to radically change their employment in order to not remain excluded. The recent measures taken by the Italian government called jobs act are a clear attempt to develop also in Italy, active politics based on the model brought forth by the Europen Union. There is however a lot more work to be done in order to help new generations to enter the world of employment and to help those who have lost their jobs due to the crisis. Particular attention needs to be given to jobs centers which have being giving a marginal and mainly bureaucratic service, instead of giving practical help in the search of employment.