In this paper I will discuss Turing’s ideas about mechanical intelligence and suitable methods for simulating intelligent behavior in machines with special regard to his position after World War II. My main thesis is that Turing considered communication and interaction between human beings and machines a crucial asset for ensuring intelligent performances on the part of machines. Accordingly, Turing was also interested in Cybernetics research on information technologies and interactive communication, similarly to John von Neumann. The paper interprets the Turing Test as illustrating the centrality of interaction for the social attribution of intelligence to machines.
Keywords: Alan Turing, Cybernetics, Logic, John von Neumann, Machine intelligence, Turing Test.