Clicca qui per scaricare

Aristote, l’âme et la cire. Sur la portée de la formule commune d’aisyhsiw (De Anima II 12)
Titolo Rivista: RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA 
Autori/Curatori: Jorge Mittelmann 
Anno di pubblicazione:  2016 Fascicolo: Lingua: Francese 
Numero pagine:  24 P. 1-24 Dimensione file:  589 KB
DOI:  10.3280/SF2016-001001
Il DOI è il codice a barre della proprietà intellettuale: per saperne di più:  clicca qui   qui 


This paper focuses on the "disappointing" nature of the last few sentences of De Anima II 12, where it is Aristotle’s intention to specify what smell is apart from the immaterial reception of a scent by the nose. It has been argued that the concluding remarks of the chapter scarcely advance our understanding of sensible knowledge, in so far as they restrict themselves to repeating what is already known: that smelling is "something else" in addition to the immaterial reception of a scent. In order to save Aristotle from triviality, this paper explores the main issues surrounding the thesis of the "reception of sensible forms without matter" (424a18), considering in particular the literal alteration of sense-organs that is supposed to underlie every single episode of perceptive awareness. The paper reaches a somewhat paradoxical conclusion: concentration on literalist physiology tends to reinforce "spiritualism", which keeps coming back in the guise of an appeal to basic sensitive powers (99b35) which inanimate bodies lack.


Keywords: Aristotle, soul, world, senses, actuality.

  1. - Aristote 1833: Aristotelis De Anima Libri Tres. Ad interpretum graecorum auctoritatem et codicum fidem recognovit comentariis illustravit Frider. Adolph. Trendelenburg, Sumbtibus Walzii, Iena 1833.
  2. - Aristote 1862: Aristotelis De Anima Libri III, recensuit Adolfus Torstrik, Weidmann, Berlin 1862.
  3. - Aristote 1900: Aristote, Traité de l’Âme, traduit et annoté par Georges Rodier, E. Leroux, Paris 1900.
  4. - Aristote 1907: Id., De Anima, with translation, introduction and notes by Robert D. Hicks, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1907.
  5. - Aristote 1934: Id., De l’Âme, traduction et notes par Jules Tricot, Vrin, Paris 1934 (édition revue en 1988).
  6. - Aristote 1956: Id., De Anima, recognovit brevique adnotatione critica instruxit William D. Ross, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1956.
  7. - Aristote 1961: Id., De Anima, greek text edited with an introduction and commentary by William D. Ross, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1961.
  8. - Aristote 1966: Id., De l’Âme, texte établi par Antonio Jannone ; traduit et annoté par Edmond Barbotin, Les Belles Lettres, Paris 1966.
  9. - Aristote 1968: Id., De Anima. Books II and III (with passages from Book I), translation with introduction and notes by David W. Hamlyn, Clarendon University Press, Oxford 1968.
  10. - Aristote 1969: Id., Über die Seele, übersetzt von Willy Theiler, Berlin Akademie-Verl, Berlin 1969.
  11. - Aristote 1979: Id., L’Anima, traduzione, introduzione e commento di Giancarlo Movia, Loffredo, Napoli 1979.
  12. - Aristote 1993: Id., De l’Âme, traduction et présentation par Richard Bodëus, Flammarion, Paris 1993.
  13. - Aristote 2010: Id., Acerca del alma – De Anima, traducción, notas, prólogo e introducción de Marcelo D. Boeri, Colihue, Buenos Aires 2010.
  14. - Bonitz 1955: Hermann Bonitz, Index Aristotelicus, Akademie-Verlag, Graz 1955 (18701).
  15. - Broackes 1999: Justin Broackes, Aristotle, Objectivity and Perception, «Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy», 17 (1999), pp. 57-113.
  16. - Broadie 1993: Sarah Broadie, Aristotle’s perceptual realism, dans John Ellis (ed.), «Ancient Minds. The Southern Journal of Philosophy», 31 (1993), suppl. vol. 31, pp. 137-159.
  17. - Burnyeat 1992: Myles F. Burnyeat, Is an Aristotelian Philosophy of Mind Still Credible? (A Draft), dans Martha Nussbaum et Amélie O. Rorty 1995, pp. 15-26.
  18. - Burnyeat 2001: Id., Aquinas on ‘Spiritual Change’ in Perception, dans Dominik Perler (éd.), «Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality», Brill, Leiden-Boston-Köln, 2001, pp. 129-153.
  19. - Burnyeat 2002: Id., De Anima II 5, «Phronesis» 47 (2002), pp. 28-90.
  20. - Caston 2005: Victor Caston, The Spirit and the Letter. Aristotle on Perception, dans Ricardo Salles (ed.), «Metaphysics, Soul and Ethics in Ancient Thought. Themes From the Work of Richard Sorabji», Clarendon Press, Oxford 2005, pp. 245-320.
  21. - Cohen 1992: Sheldon M. Cohen, Hylomorphism and Functionalism, dans Martha Nussbaum et Amélie O. Rorty 1995, pp. 57-73 - Corcilius 2014: Klaus Corcilius, Activity, Passivity and Perceptual Discrimination in
  22. Aristotle, dans Silva, José F. et Yrjönsuuri, Mikko (eds.): «Active Perception in the History of Philosophy. From Plato to Modern Philosophy», Springer, Switzerland 2014, pp. 31-53.
  23. - Ebert 1983: Thedor Ebert, Aristotle on What is Done in Perceiving, «Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung», 37 (1983), pp. 181-198.
  24. - Ellis 1990: John Ellis, The Trouble with Fragance, «Phronesis», 35 (1990), pp. 290-302.
  25. - Everson 1997: Stephen Everson, Aristotle on Perception, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1997.
  26. - Freeland 1992: Cynthia Freeland, Aristotle on the Sense of Touch, dans Martha Nussbaum et Amélie O. Rorty 1995, pp. 227-248.
  27. - Irwin 1988: Terence Irwin, Aristotle’s First Principles, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1988.
  28. - Johansen 1998: Thomas K. Johansen, Aristotle on the Sense-Organs, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1988.
  29. - Kent Sprague 1985: Rosamund Kent Sprague, Aristotle on Red Mirrors: On Dreams II, 459b24-460a23, «Phronesis», 30 (1985), pp. 323-325.
  30. - Kosman 1975: Aryeh Kosman, Perceiving that we Perceive: On the Soul III, 2, «Philosophical Review», 84 (1975), pp. 499-519.
  31. - Lautner 2013: Péter Lautner, Γνωστικῶς and/or ὑλικῶς: Philoponus’ Account of the Material Aspects of Sense-Perception, «Phronesis», 58 (2013), pp. 378-400.
  32. - Magee 2000: Joseph M. Magee, Sense Organs and the Activity of Sensation in Aristotle, «Phronesis», 45 (2000), pp. 306-330.
  33. - Mirbeau 1900: Octave Mirbeau, Journal d’une femme de chambre, Eugène Fasquelle, Paris 1900.
  34. - Nussbaum et Rorty 1995: Martha Nussbaum et Amélie O. Rorty (eds.), Essays on Aristotle’s De Anima, Clarendon Press, Oxford 1995.
  35. - Perler 2001: Dominik Perler, Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality, Brill, Leiden-Boston-Köln 2001.
  36. - Price 1996: Anthony W. Price, Aristotelian Perceptions, «Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium in Ancient Philosophy», 12 (1996), pp. 285-309.
  37. - Sisko 1996: John E. Sisko, Material Alteration and Cognitive Activity in Aristotle’s De Anima, «Phronesis», 41 (1996), pp. 138-157.
  38. - Sorabji 1995: Richard Sorabji, Intentionality and Physiological Processes: Aristotle’s Theory of Sense-Perception, dans Martha Nussbaum et Amélie O. Rorty 1995, pp. 195-225.
  39. - Sorabji 2001: Id., Aristotle on Sensory Processes and Intentionality. A Reply to Myles Burnyeat, dans Dominik Perler (éd.), «Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality», Leiden-Boston-Köln 2001, pp. 49-61.
  40. - Torstrik 1862: Adolf Torstrik, De Anima Libri III, Weidmann, Berlin 1862.
  41. - Vigo 2002: Alejandro Vigo, Indiferentismo Ontológico y Fenomenología en la Física de Aristóteles, «Nova Tellus», 20 (2002), 2, pp. 117-171.
  42. - Woolf 1999: Raphael Woolf, The Coloration of Aristotelian Eye-Jelly: A Note on On Dreams 459b – 460a, «Journal of the History of Philosophy», 37 (1999), pp. 385-391.

Jorge Mittelmann, in "RIVISTA DI STORIA DELLA FILOSOFIA" 1/2016, pp. 1-24, DOI:10.3280/SF2016-001001

   

FrancoAngeli è membro della Publishers International Linking Association associazione indipendente e no profit per facilitare l'accesso degli studiosi ai contenuti digitali nelle pubblicazioni professionali e scientifiche