In this article the author addresses trauma from a psychoanalytic point of view, taking into account studies of developmental psychology and neuroscience discoveries, which promote a paradigm shift in modern psychopathology and in therapy with trauma being a centralized issue to be considered. More precisely, the early relational traumas, as well as silent and cumulative trauma during development, are proposed to be the main causes of damaging relational capacity of the child. Trauma, attachment, and neuroscience are redefining in a psychodynamic perspective, not only in regards to the theoretical frame but also and particularly in regards to the analytic alignment, the relation where it becomes the therapeutic factor and deserves to be at the center of the analyst’s attention. In the case of trauma related disorders, the implicit components of the analytic relation of the analyst are shaped on the patient’s needs as much as possible. Finally, a clinical case presentation will show the author’s way to interpret this new psychodynamic approach.
Keywords: Trauma; Attachment; Neuroscience; Relational Trauma; Dissociation